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Photo: Courtesy The Chipstone Foundation, Fox Point, Wisconsin, accession no. 1959.14 Photography by Gavin Ashworth
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Dressing glass


Object number

RIF525

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

68.58 x 48.26 x 22.86 cm (27 x 19 x 9 in.)

Date

1770-1790

Current location

The Chipstone Foundation

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); cedrela[?] (drawer linings); chestnut (braces for rear feet and mirror backboard); yellow poplar (bottom of center drawer); pine (drawer dividers, bottom board, and back board)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

"MM," in chalk, on exterior back of proper-right drawer; “X,” incised on exterior bottom of proper-left drawer

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

By descent in the Hazard and Perry families, Newport, Rhode Island. John S. Walton, Inc., New York; sold to Polly Mariner Stone (1898–1995) and Stanley Stone (1896–1987), Fox Point, Wisconsin, 1959; bequeathed by Stanley Stone to The Chipstone Foundation, Fox Point, Wisconsin, 1987

Associated names

Hazard Family
Perry family
John S. Walton, Inc.
Stanley Stone
Polly Mariner Stone

Construction

The single-board top has straight sides and a serpentine front, and is joined to its straight, single-board sides by dovetail joints, having finely cut pins of varying configuration, with half-pins in front. The single-piece backboard is nailed with brads into rabbets in the top and sides and into vertical partitions within the case. The single board case bottom meets the case sides in joints covered by transverse boards which form sides of the case?s molded base and are nailed with brads to the case sides. They are mitered to a serpentine-front board in the front of the case, coplanar with the transverse boards, and form the case?s bottom rails. The partitions which separate the drawers are set into grooves in the bottom of the case top and the top of the case bottom. The solid-fronted, cock-beaded, drawer fronts meet their flush, flat-topped sides in dovetail joints having finely cut pins of slightly varying configuration, with half-pins above and half-pins with rabbets below. The cock-beading is applied with brads; the flanking drawers have bottoms perpendicular to the fronts, glued into rabbets in the elements above. The bottom of the bow-fronted center drawer is parallel to the front and fixed with brads through the outside of the drawer back, sides, and bottom. The mirror is held in places by two beaded cleats held to the top with large wood pins, into which are set rectangular, rearward-raking, tapering stiles with beaded corners. At their base each is reinforced by two beaded, ogee-shaped brackets. Atop each stile is a small urn form finial with corkscrew flame. On the underside of the case top within the flanking drawers? cavity is the head of a metal fastener indicating a means of attachment for the beaded cleats. Partway up the outside faces of the stiles are other metal fasteners which join the stiles to the mirror frame and allow it to tilt. The frame has a beaded outside and a molded inside edge, is mitered at the corners, and encloses a rectangular mirror. Its stiles and rails meet in half-lapped joints, reinforced in back by two metal-headed pins apiece. The backboard is a simple vertical board with chamfered edges, held in with brads. Several slender vertical strips between the frame and the backboard are compensating for the lateral shrinkage of the backboard. The front feet consist of shaped vertical blocks fixed directly to the mahogany frame around the case bottom?s perimeter, flanked by horizontal shaped and mitered glue blocks, nailed with brads, the whole faced with mitered ogee bracket feet. The mitered blocks at the proper right front foot are replaced. At the rear, the horizontal, mitered glue blocks of the proper left foot meet above the shaped vertical blocks and those of the proper right foot mimic those in front. The backs of the rear feet are simple ogee brackets, set into grooves in the outward facing ogee brackets. The proper right vertical block is missing. The rearward-facing edge of the rear feet?s side brackets have an ogee profile, as do the back brackets. Examined by P. E. Kane and J. N. Johnson, May 16, 2014; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd.

Bibliography

Joseph K. Ott, The John Brown House Loan Exhibition of Rhode Island Furniture, exh. cat. (Providence: The Rhode Island Historical Society, 1965), 128–129, no. 84, ill.
Stanley Stone, "Rhode Island Furniture at Chipstone, Part I," Antiques 91, no. 2 (February 1967): 212.
Oswaldo Rodriguez Roque, American Furniture at Chipstone (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1984), 48–49, no. 22, ill.
Oswaldo Rodriguez Roque, "Living with Antiques: Chipstone near Milwaukee," Antiques 133, no. 5 (May 1988): 1155, pl. XVIII, ill.
Christie's, New York, The Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph K. Ott, sale cat. (January 20, 2012), 40, fig. 2.