image of object
Photo: Courtesy The Chipstone Foundation, Fox Point, Wis., 1966.2
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Pembroke table


Object number

RIF588

Maker

Maker Unknown
Formerly attributed to John Townsend, American, 1732–1809

Dimensions

Height: 71.755 cm (28 1/4 in.); Width, closed: 54.61 cm (21 1/2 in.); Depth: 78.74 cm (31 in.)

Date

1785–1800

Current location

The Chipstone Foundation

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); cherry (hinged rails); yellow poplar (stationary rails, drawer linings, and drawer supports); pine (corner blocks and drawer stops)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

Illegible inscription [probably name], in chalk, on interior drawer bottom; lines [partially obscured by rails], in chalk, on underside of top; “4,” in chalk, on exterior of one of hinged rails

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Colonel John Cooke (1744–1812), Middletown, Rhode Island; by descent to the Durfee-Gray family, Tiverton, Rhode Island; John S. Walton, Inc., New York, before 1966; sold to Polly Mariner Stone (1898–1995) and Stanley Stone (1896–1987), Fox Point, Wisconsin, 1966; bequeathed by Stanley Stone to The Chipstone Foundation, Fox Point, Wisconsin, 1987

Associated names

Colonel John Cooke
Durfee-Gray family
John S. Walton, Inc.
Stanley Stone
Polly Mariner Stone

Construction

The rectangular, single-board top has a square edge and is joined to its single-board, square-edged, flanking leaves by four pairs of metal hinges, set just inside the legs. Each hinge leaf is thrice screwed. The joint between top and leaves is quarter round. The top is secured to the frame by screw pockets – two each in the outside faces of the outer, swinging rails, one in the inside face of the rail opposite the drawer, and one in the upper rail above the drawer. Vertical quarter round glue blocks occupy the corners of the frame at the rail opposite the drawer. The inner, stationary rails are tenoned to the legs. The stationary and hinged rails are joined by cut nails. Nailed with brads inside the stationary rails are drawer supports, near the ends of which are glued horizontal rectangular drawer stops. The plain, kerf-marked drawer front meets its flush, full-depth, square-top drawer sides in dovetail joints, having finely cut, narrow-necked pins, with half-pins above and below. The two-board drawer bottom, parallel to the front, is chamfered at its front and sides, where it fits into grooves in the elements above. In the rear of the drawer bottom are brads fixing it to the drawer back. Each outer rail contains a trapezoidal leaf support which swings by means of a round five-knuckled, carved wood hinge. The bottom of each leaf support is carved out to provide a fingerhold. At each juncture of leg and skirt rail is an openwork bracket, joined to the leg and rail with brads. A fillet molding is nailed with brads to the bottom of each short rail. Openwork X-form stretchers are tenoned into the legs? chamfered inside corners. A gadroon molding is glued to the stretchers? underside. The square legs are stop-fluted on their outside faces. Examined by P. E. Kane and J. N. Johnson, May 16, 2014; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd.

See also


Bibliography

"John S. Walton, Inc., advertisement," Antiques 89, no. 4 (April 1966): 452, ill.
Stanley Stone, "Rhode Island Furniture at Chipstone, Part I," Antiques 91, no. 2 (February 1967): 211, ill.
Oswaldo Rodriguez Roque, American Furniture at Chipstone (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1984), 294–295, no. 137, ill.