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Side chair


Object number

RIF780

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

Height: 41 1/2 in. (105.41 cm) Width: 20 1/2 in. (52.07 cm) Height to seat rail: 17 3/4 in. (45.085 cm)

Date

1740–1760

Current location

Unknown

Geography

Possibly made in Rhode Island, or possibly made in Massachusetts
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Walnut (primary); white pine (front corner blocks); maple (seat frame)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

"I," incised, on slip seat frame; "IIII," incised, on chair rail

Style

Queen Anne

Provenance

Mr. and Mrs. Dudley I. Catzen, by 1965. Northeast Auctions, Portsmouth, New Hampshire (sale held Manchester, New Hampshire), August 4–6, 2006, lot 1795

Associated names

Northeast Auctions
Dudley I. Catzen
Mrs. Dudley I. Catzen

Construction

The flat-fronted, slightly incurvate crest rail has double-arched shoulders centering a scroll-carved reserve, is rounded at the back and attached to the flat-fronted, round-backed stiles, serpentine in shape and profile, by mortise and tenon joints, each showing one wood pin. The incurvate portions of the lower stiles are separate pieces. The vasiform splat is serpentine in profile, tenoned into the bottom of the crest rail and the top of the molded, one-piece shoe, which is nailed with brads to the rear seat rail below, and overhangs the seat. The stiles are square where they meet the rear seat rail in mortise and tenon joints, showing one wood pin apiece, and rounded below, where the rear stretcher is doweled into them. The front faces of the rear legs are flattened where the side stretchers meet them in mortise and tenon joints, showing one wood pin apiece. The rear legs end in stylized slipper feet. The rabbeted, serpentine, flat-skirted seat rails meet the rear and front legs in mortise and tenon joints having one wood pin apiece. At each of the corners of the seat frame are later diagonal blocks glued and nailed to the rails. The flat, serpentine side and medial stretchers have rounded outside and square inside edges and are joined to each other with mortise and tenon joints without wood pins, and to their respective front and back legs with similar joints having one wood pin apiece. On the edge of each knee bracket is a bead which continues into a C-scroll on the edges of the front legs, whose knees are decorated with a carved lambrequin panel. The front slipper feet have prominent chisel marks on their chamfered underside. Examined by P.E. Kane and M. Taradash, July 29, 2006; notes compiled by T.B. Lloyd

See also


Bibliography

Joseph K. Ott, The John Brown House Loan Exhibition of Rhode Island Furniture, exh. cat. (Providence: The Rhode Island Historical Society, 1965), 6–7, no. 5.
John T. Kirk, American Chairs: Queen Anne and Chippendale (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1972), 128, fig. 159.
Northeast Auctions, Portsmouth, N.H., 2006 Americana Auction, sale cat. (August 4–6, 2006), 279, lot 1795, ill.