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Photo: Courtesy The Chipstone Foundation, Fox Point, Wisconsin, accession no. 1958.17 Photography by Gavin Ashworth
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Roundabout chair


Object number

RIF951

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

75.565 x 73.66 x 62.865 cm (29 3/4 x 29 x 24 3/4 in.)

Date

1760–1780

Current location

The Chipstone Foundation

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); maple (rear leg block and slip-seat frame); pine (front leg block)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

"II," incised on rabetted edge of seat rail and on underside of slip-seat frame

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Dr. and Mrs. Joseph Kreiselman, Washington, D.C.; sold to John S. Walton, New York; sold to Polly Mariner Stone (1898–1995) and Stanley Stone (1896–1987), Fox Point, Wisconsin, 1958; bequeathed by Stanley Stone to The Chipstone Foundation, Fox Point, Wisconsin, 1987

Associated names

Dr. and Mrs. Joseph Kreiselman
John S. Walton
Stanley Stone
Polly Mariner Stone

Construction

The crest rail is in three parts. There are two quarter-round rails, half-lapped together over the top of the central leg/stile. The flanking leg/stiles are tenoned and wood-pinned to the rails. At each end of the lower rail is a scrolling fingerhold, the bottom of which is a separate piece nailed with brads to the rail above. There is a rail above, centered over the central leg stile, which is tenoned and wood-pinned to its underside. There are additional wood pins on the underside of the lower rails – three in the vicinity of their half-lap joint, and one near the top of each splat. The single-piece, openwork splats are tenoned into the bottom of the crest rails and into the top of the molded, single-piece shoes, which slightly overhang the seat rails below. The straight rear rails are tenoned and double-wood-pinned to the central and flanking leg/stiles. The serpentine front rails are tenoned and triple-wood-pinned (the central pin is possibly later) to the flanking leg stiles and tenoned and single-wood-pinned to the front leg. Within the seat frame are diagonal braces (also serving as slip seat supports) fixed with rosehead nails into the front and rear corners of the frame. The front rails, serpentine without and straight within, have rabbeted tops to support the slip seat. Knee brackets are glued and nailed with brads to the cabriole legs, which end in shod pad feet with incised heels. The front leg has a rounded knee and ankle; the others are square in section, with angular knees and ankles. The rails of the slip seat are tenoned and wood pinned together. There is a serpentine scribe line on the inside of one of the front seat rails. Examined by P. E. Kane and J. N. Johnson, May 16, 2014; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd.

See also


Bibliography

Ralph E. Carpenter, Jr., The Arts and Crafts of Newport, Rhode Island, 1640–1820 (Newport, R.I.: Preservation Society of Newport County, 1954), 47, no. 21, ill.
Stanley Stone, "Rhode Island Furniture at Chipstone, Part I," Antiques 91, no. 2 (February 1967): 209, ill.
Oswaldo Rodriguez Roque, American Furniture at Chipstone (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1984), 180–181, no. 82, ill.