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Photo: Courtesy Newport Historical Society, 1885.2
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Side chair


Object number

RIF954

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

106.045 x 48.26 x 36.513 cm (41 3/4 x 19 x 14 3/8 in.); seat height: 44.45 cm (17 1/2 in.)

Date

1730–1755

Current location

Newport Historical Society

Geography

Probably made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Maple

Style

William and Mary

Provenance

Possibly William Ellery (1727–1820), Newport, Rhode Island. Recovered by William C. Cozzens (b. 1846) in the Ellery House, Thames Street, Newport, Rhode Island; gift to Newport Historical Society, Rhode Island, 1885

Associated names

William Ellery

Construction

The molded crest, incurvate in the middle, arched and carved at the ends, is tenoned and wood-pinned to the molded serpentine stiles, which are square below the seat and rake rearward just below the stretchers. The splat consists of two serpentine stiles, rectangular in section, tenoned into the bottom of the crest rail and into the top of the lower back rail, and a rectangular block below the crest rail, nailed with brads into the splat stiles. Brown, canvas-backed leather (a large portion of which is missing), held in place with later hemispherical brass studs, form the finish surface of the splat. The lower back rail is tenoned into the stiles at a point where their front faces flatten out. The front, rear, and side seat rails, tenoned to their respective legs, are covered by leather, fixed thereto by brass studs and rosehead nails. The rectilinear rear and side stretchers are tenoned to their respective legs, aligning with the outside faces thereof. The rear stretcher joints have no wood pins; the side stretchers have one each, not through-pinned. The front ball-and-ring turned stretcher is doweled and wood-pinned into the blocked and vase-turned legs. Portions of the outside faces of the front Spanish feet are missing. The chair bear traces of old brown or black paint. Examined by P.E. Kane, and J.N. Johnson, October 18, 2011; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd

See also


Bibliography

Brock Jobe and Myrna Kaye, New England Furniture: The Colonial Era (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1984), 341, fig. 91c.
Erik Gronning and Dennis Andrew Carr, "Rhode Island Gateleg Tables," Antiques 165, no. 5 (May 2004): 124, fig. pl. 3.