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Photo: Courtesy Rhode Island Historical Society, Providence
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Sideboard


Object number

RIF1181

Maker

Maker Unknown
Maker formerly attributed Thomas Howard, Jr., 1774–1833
Alternate spelling(s): Thomas Howard

Dimensions

Overall: 104.14 x 120.333 x 55.245cm (41 x 47 3/8 x 21 3/4in.)

Date

1795–1810

Current location

The Rhode Island Historical Society

Geography

Probably made in Providence, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); mahogany (shims under drawers); chestnut (drawer liners); pine (backings of drawer fronts, sides of central cupboard, case back and bottom, backing of drawer divider, drawer supports and guides); cherry (backing of cupboard doors)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

“1” and “2” [later?], in graphite, on exterior backs of proper-right drawers [top to bottom]; “1,” in graphite, on top of divider under proper-right upper drawer; “1[?],” in chalk, on interior back of proper-right upper drawer; “3,” in chalk, on interior back and bottom of proper-left drawer; “Out,” in chalk, on exterior back board

Style

Hepplewhite

Provenance

Harry W. Weeks; bequeathed to Rhode Island Historical Society, Providence, by 1928

Associated names

Harry W. Weeks

Construction

The oblong rectangular top consists of a thin single-piece surface board glued to a frame consisting of front and rear longitudinal battens and six transverse battens. The battens at either end are full-depth; their ends are revealed in back. The intermediate battens are butt-jointed to the front and rear ones – two in the central cupboard section and one each above the flanking drawers. The top, whose square edge is veneered and line-inlaid, is joined to its conformingly shaped case with screwpockets – three in the outside face of the backboard, two each in the underside of the rails above each back of drawers, and one each inside the single-board case sides. The single board case back is tenoned without wood pins to the rear legs and fixed with rosehead nails to interior partitions and to the back edge of the single-board case bottom. Inside each case side is a frame of vertical and horizontal boards: the verticals are tenoned to the front and back legs and their bottoms are revealed in the corners of the case bottom. The horizontal members are tenoned to the verticals; they also serve as drawer guides, and the intermediate proper right one has a drawer support fixed to it with rosehead nails. Interior partitions of full depth and height are tenoned without wood pins to the backs of the stiles between the cupboard and drawers. The veneered divider between the two proper right drawers is double-through-tenoned to the proper right interior partition. The top rail above the central cupboard is set into grooves in the flanking stiles. On top of the proper right drawer divider and the proper right and left portions of the bottom rail are two thin hexagonal mahogany runners nailed on with brads. At the back of the serpentine skirt board are four horizontal glue blocks – two rectangular and two carved to align with the skirt. Two horizontal rectangular stops are nailed with brads to the underside of the top rail above the central cupboard section, whose single-board doors are veneered and line-inlaid. On the proper right side are two small drawers; on the proper left is a single large one faced to simulate two. The proper right upper drawer has a tip bar and a support both nailed to the interior partition with brads. The proper left drawer has tip bar similarly arranged. Each veneered and line-inlaid drawer front meets its flush, flat-topped sides in dovetail joints having finely cut, thick-necked pins with half-pins above and half-tails below. Each single-board drawer bottom, parallel to the front, is chamfered at the front and sides, where it fits into grooves, and is nailed with brads into the flat-topped drawer back. Only the front faces of the front legs have line-inlay and inlaid cuffs. Examined by P. E. Kane and J. N. Johnson, August 18, 2014; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd.

See also


Bibliography

Wallace Nutting, Furniture Treasury, 1st ed., 3 vols. (Framingham, Mass.: Old American Company Publishers, 1928–33), vol. 1, no. 758, ill.
Wallace Nutting, Furniture Treasury (New York: MacMillan Company, 1963), no. 758, ill.
Eleanore Bradford Monahon, "Providence Cabinetmakers," Rhode Island History 23, no. 1 (January 1964): 12–13, fig. 7.
"Rhode Island History," Rhode Island History 23, no. 1 (1964): 12–13, fig. 7.
Joseph K. Ott, The John Brown House Loan Exhibition of Rhode Island Furniture, exh. cat. (Providence: The Rhode Island Historical Society, 1965), 68-69, no. 48.
Eleanore Bradford Monahon, "Thomas Howard, Jr., Providence Cabinetmaker," Antiques 87, no. 6 (June 1965): 704, fig. 6.
Christopher P. Monkhouse and Thomas S. Michie, American Furniture in Pendleton House (Providence: RISD Museum, 1986), p. 115, n. 1 (comp.cit.), ill.