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Dining table


Object number

RIF1218

Maker

Maker probably by John Goddard, 1723/24–1785

Dimensions

Closed: 69.85 x 39.37 x 135.89 cm (27 1/2 x 15 1/2 x 53 1/2 in.); Width, open: 145.42 cm (57 1/4 in.)

Date

1755–1770

Current location

Private collection

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); maple (hinged and stationary rail, battens, and glue blocks for top); chestnut (vertical corner block)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

None

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Thomas Tillinghast or Joseph Tillinghast (died 1777), East Hampton, Long Island, New York; by descent to William Tillinghast, East Hampton, Long Island, New York; by descent in the Tillinghast family, East Hampton, New York, before 1989. Leigh Keno American Antiques, New York, 1989

Associated names

Thomas Tillinghast
Joseph Tillinghast
William Tillinghast
Tillinghast family
Leigh Keno American Antiques

Construction

The single-board top has bowed ends and a quarter round edge and is flanked by half round leaves-one single-board, the other two-board- similarly edged. The joint between them is quarter round. The top and leaves are joined by four sets of iron hinges, each leaf thrice-screwed, set just outward of the legs. The top is secured to the frame with screw pockets--one each inside the flat-arched short rails--and by two transverse braces, screwed into the top and let into rectangular voids in the stationary rails. The top of each hinged rail is cut out to accommodate these braces, which have half round ends containing screws. There is an additional transverse brace, screwed into the underside of the top at the midpoint of the frame, which does not pass through the hinged rails. There are also multiple rectangular horizontal glue blocks within the frame at the joint between the top and the stationary rails. The frame is further held together by two transverse braces, dovetailed into the bottoms of the stationary rails. The hinged and stationary rails are joined by rosehead nails. The stationary rails meet the short rails in a rabbeted dovetail joint with finely cut narrow-necked pins and half-pins above and below, each joint reinforced by a vertical rectangular glue block within the frame. The hinged rails join their legs in mortise and tenon joints, with two wood pins apiece. The knee brackets are attached by brads and glue, the hinged rails move by means of round, five-knuckled hinges, and the cabriole legs, square-sectioned and sharp-kneed, have vigorously carved tendons and claws, clutching elongated ball feet. Examined by P.E. Kane, and W.S. Braznell, August 22, 2012; notes compiled by T.B. Lloyd.

Bibliography

"Leigh Keno American Furniture advertisement," Antiques 136, no. 4 (October 1989): 674, ill.
Dean F. Failey, Long Island Is My Nation: The Decorative Arts and Craftsmen, 1640–1830 (Cold Spring, N.Y.: Society for the Preservation of Long Island Antiquities, 1998), 9-42.
Patricia E. Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), 58n25.