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Photo: Courtesy private collection; photo by Richard House
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Sideboard


Object number

RIF1352

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

102.553 x 167.958 x 60.643 cm (40 3/8 x 66 1/8 x 23 7/8 in.)

Date

1803

Current location

Private collection

Geography

Made in Providence, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany and light and dark wood inlay (primary); cherry (doors to central compartment, front rail, drawer dividers, and front of slide); yellow pine(?) (back boards); pine (drawer fronts, backs, and sides [except where noted], drawer supports and guides, interior glue blocks, runners for slide, and bottom of central compartment); yellow poplar (drawer sides of upper left and right drawers, sides of central cupboard, and backing of slide); chestnut (drawer bottoms and bottom of outside compartments); silver plagues (on cupboard doors)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

"TB 1803," incised, on oval patera on top ; "April 20 / JB / 1803" and "April 20 / TB / 1803," engraved, on oval silver plaques on center of cupboard doors

Style

Federal, Hepplewhite

Provenance

Bucklin family; possibly by descent to Elizabeth Bucklin Rhodes (1811–1866) and James Thomas Rhodes (1800–1873), Providence, Rhode Island; by descent in the Rhodes family; sold to Israel Sack, Inc., New York, by 1982; sold to Linda H. and George M. Kaufman (1932–2001), Norfolk, Virginia; sold to Leigh Keno American Antiques, New York; sold to private collection

Associated names

James Thomas Rhodes
Elizabeth Bucklin
Israel Sack, Inc.
George M. Kaufman
Linda H. Kaufman
Leigh Keno American Antiques

Construction

The oblong, single-board top has a serpentine front, slightly inset rounded corners and a square edge. It is inlaid on its top, on its front and side edges, and plain in back, where it slightly overhangs the case below. The top is secured to the case with screws – three in pockets in the back, and multiple screws in the underside of the top rail in front. There are multiple horizontal rectangular glue blocks behind the top rail, at the joint between the two-board backboard and the top and the joints between the interior medial supports and the top. The medial supports are both revealed as three through-tenons in the case back. The several pieces of the top rail are double-tenoned into the medial supports, as are the drawer dividers. Full depth drawer supports and guides are nailed with brads to the exterior and interior walls of the case. The central serpentine cupboard doors are veneered and vertically laminated. There is a bow-fronted slide, faced to simulate part of a drawer, in the central section. There are numerous brads on the underside of its mahogany front face, and its multiple boards, perpendicular to the front, are tenoned into it. The case bottom is in three parts, each section nailed at its perimeter to rabbets in the bottom rail, the backboard, and the two interior partitions. The veneered, cockbeaded, inlaid, and kerf-marked drawer fronts meet their nearly flush, flat-topped, full-height drawer sides in dovetail joints, having finely cut, thick-necked pins with half-pins above and below. The drawer bottoms are chamfered at the front and the sides, where they fit into grooves in the front and sides above. At the front the bottoms are also held in with brads, nailed through the bottom of the drawer fronts. At the back they are nailed directly to the flat-topped drawer backs. The tapering legs are vine and flower-inlaid at their outside faces only. Examined by P.E. Kane and J.N. Johnson, May 16, 2014; notes compiled by T.B. Lloyd.

Bibliography

American Antiques from Israel Sack Collection, 10 vols. (Washington, D.C.: Highland House Publishers, 1957–1989), vol. 7, p. 1940, no. P5275, ill.
Eleanore Bradford Monahon, "Providence Cabinetmakers of the Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries," Antiques 87, no. 5 (May 1965): 577, fig. 12–14.
Patricia E. Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), 4, 433–36, no. 103, fig. 1–5.