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Photo: Courtesy Winterthur Museum and Country Estate, Del., 1958.2147
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Pembroke table


Object number

RIF1396

Maker

Maker John Townsend, American, 1732–1809

Dimensions

Height: 66.675 cm (26 1/4 in.); Width, open: 92.71 cm (36 1/2 in.); Depth: 85.09 cm (33 1/2 in.)

Date

1785–1790

Current location

Winterthur Museum, Garden, and Library

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); maple, yellow poplar, and chestnut (secondary)

Marks

"MADE BY / JOHN TOWNSEND / NEWPORT," in brown ink, printed on paper label glued inside drawer bottom; "1743," in ink, on label

Inscriptions

Unknown

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Colonel John Cooke (1744–1812), Middletown, Rhode Island. Philip Flayderman, Boston, Massachusetts, by 1930; consigned by his estate to American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, Inc., New York, January 2–4, 1930, lot 472; sold to Henry Francis du Pont (1880–1969), Winterthur, Delaware; given to Winterthur Museum, Delaware,1958

Associated names

Colonel John Cooke
Philip Flayderman
Henry Francis du Pont

Construction

The straight-edge top consists of three boards, the center board more than twice the width of the leaves. The center board meets each leaf at a rule joint and is secured with paired iron butt hinges. The top is joined to the frame with long rectangular glue blocks. The rectangular frame has double side rails. The outer rail, divided into three parts, is tenoned and double-pegged to the legs. The center section–a short wing cut with a five-part finger joint at one end and diagonally with a finger grip at the other–swings out to support the raised leaves. The inner side rails, secured with rosehead nails to the outer rail and abutting the legs at both ends, are joined by five transverse braces, three dovetailed into the top edge of the rails and two dovetailed to the bottom. The corners of the inner frame are reinforced with vertical glue blocks. One end rail has an opening cut from a drawer with an applied bead surround; the other end rail is solid. The drawer slides on runners lapped at the front and nailed to the inner rail; a median guide above the drawer is nailed to two of the transverse braces. The drawer sides are rounded on the upper edge and flat on the back; the drawer bottom is nailed to a rabbet in the front and flush across the sides and back. An applied strip of astragal molding is dadoed to each end rail. Below is an incised crosshatch band. The pierced knee brackets are tenoned to the legs and end rails. The legs, stop fluted on two sides, are chamfered on the inner edge. Tenoned and pegged into the corners of the legs are pierced cross stretchers. The gadrooned molding applied to the lower edge of the stretchers is held with screws. Source: Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur, (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 265.

Notes


See also


Bibliography

"American Art Association-Anderson Galleries, Inc., advertisement," Antiques 16, no. 6 (December 1929): 452.
Anderson Galleries and American Art Association, New York, Colonial Furniture, Silver, and Decorations: The Collection of the Late Philip Flayderman, sale cat. (January 2–4, 1930), 220–221, lot 472, ill.
"Chinese Style Was Not A Sudden Development in English Furniture," American Collector 2, no. 13 (December 13, 1934): 6, ill.
Thomas H. Ormsbee, "Chippendale as Followed at Home and in America," American Collector 6, no. 12 (January 1938): 10, ill.
Joseph Downs, American Furniture: Queen Anne and Chippendale Periods in the Henry Francis DuPont Winterthur Museum (New York: MacMillan Company, 1952), fig. 311, 399.
Wendell D. Garrett, "The Newport Cabinetmakers: A Corrected Checklist," Antiques 73, no. 6 (June 1958): 561.
James Smith, "The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum," Antiques 113, no. 6 (June 1978): 1288.
Michael Moses and Liza Moses, "Authenticating John Townsend's Later Tables," Antiques 119, no. 5 (May 1981): 1152, fig. 1–1b.
Michael Moses, Master Craftsmen of Newport: The Townsends and Goddards (Tenafly, N.J.: MMI Americana Press, 1984), pp. 106, 142, 101, 111, 113, 126, figs. 3.7, 3.18–3.18a, 3.23, 3.28, 3.45.
Jeffrey P. Greene, American Furniture of the 18th Century: History, Technique, Structure (Newtown, Conn: The Taunton Press, 1996), 74, ill.
Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur: Queen Anne and Chippendale Periods (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 264–265, no. 138.
Morrison H. Heckscher, John Townsend: Newport Cabinetmaker, exh. cat. (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2005), 146–48, no. 33, ill.