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Photo: Courtesy Winterthur Museum and Country Estate, Del., 1952.0153
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Fiddle-back chair


Object number

RIF1412

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

Overall (Height): 106.68cm (42in.) Other (Height, seat): 41.91cm (16 1/2in.) Other (Width, crest): 49.53cm (19 1/2in.) Other (Width, seat front): 55.88cm (22in.) Other (Width, seat back): 40.64cm (16in.) Other (Width, arms): 56.674cm (22 5/16in.) Other (Width, arms): 56.674cm (22 5/16in.) Other (Width, feet): 58.738cm (23 1/8in.) Other (Depth, seat): 40.958cm (16 1/8in.) Other (Depth, feet): 48.895cm (19 1/4in.)

Date

1780–1810

Current location

Winterthur Museum, Garden, and Library

Geography

Made in Southeastern New England, Probably made in coastal Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Hard maple (primary); ash (stretchers)

Style

vernacular style

Provenance

Milford Antique Shop, Connecticut, before 1952; sold to Henry Francis du Pont, Winterthur, Delaware, 1952; given to Winterthur Museum, 1952

Associated names

Milford Antique Shop
Henry Francis du Pont

Construction

The crest is supported on rectangular tenons at the flat-faced canted posts (pinned) and splat. The crest face is slightly cheeked at the arches, and the terminals are shaved to fine creases at the tips. The rear edges are chamfered, except at the tips. The splat, which is tenoned into the stay rail, is flat at the front edges and chamfered at the back. The plain stay rail, with a narrow bottom-front chamfer, is joined to the posts with rectangular tenons (pinned). The rear post corners are chamfered from crest to base, and the pose faces are marked by a flattened area at seat level. The arms are U shaped with chamfers at the bottom edges extending to the "pillowed" forward scrolls, which are centered with sharp ridges. The arms are secured by rectangular tenons at the back posts (pinned) and round tenons at the front posts (pinned). The rounded rectangular seat rails are round tenoned into the posts. The rear legs are chamfered on the forward corners from seat to base. The front post turnings are detailed, and the leg blocks are lightly chamfered on all corners. A ring separates the front feet from the leg blocks; the forward-sloping pads are supported on wafer-thin disks. All stretchers are round tenoned into the adjacent members. The front stretcher balls are centered with double incised lines. Source: Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur, (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 70-71.

Bibliography

Marshall B. Davidson, The American Heritage History of Colonial Antiques (New York: American Heritage Publishing Co., 1967), 230, fig. 330.
Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur: Queen Anne and Chippendale Periods (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 70–71, no. 39, ill.