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Photo: Courtesy Winterthur Museum and Country Estate, Del., 1958.0018.002
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Side chairs, pair


Object number

RIF1415

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

94.93 x 50.8 x 48.9 cm (37 3/8 x 20 x 19 1/4 in.); Height, seat: 42.545 cm (16 3/4 in.); Width, crest: 53.34 cm (21 in.) other (Width, seat front): 50.8cm (20in.) other (Width, seat back): 39.053cm (15 3/8in.) other (Width, feet): 49.53cm (19 1/2in.) other (Depth, seat): 40.958cm (16 1/8in.) other (Depth, feet): 48.578cm (19 1/8in.)

Date

1780–1800

Current location

Winterthur Museum, Garden, and Library

Geography

Made in Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); soft maple (seat frame)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

"V," incised, on front seat rail rabbet and front loose slip seat on one chair; "IIII," incised, on rabbet on front rail and "III," incised, on slip seat on other chair

Style

straight legs, pierced-splat chair, slip seat, fluted legs, molded legs, stretchers (furniture components), carving

Provenance

Probably Jonas and Abigail (West) Minturn, Bristol, Rhode Island; by descent to their daughter, Mrs. George Bliss Sanford (née Gertrude Minturn, born 1850), Litchfield, Connecticut; by descent to her daughter, Mrs. William K. Wallbridge, Short Hills, New Jersey; given to Winterthur Museum, Delaware, 1958

Associated names

Minturn family
West family
William K. Wallbridge

Construction

The crest is supported on rectangular tenons at the flat-faced canted posts and on three tenons at the splat. The rounded crest face is carved at the tips; the central ornament is cushioned and incised with lines and dots. The rear surface is flat at the center with a chamfer, top and bottom; the ogee ends are rounded along the top and bottom edges. The splat face is flat, except for four small carved volutes, the crest-ornament extension, the large central loops, and the gougework border in the pedestal. The splat edges and piercings are slightly canted, front to back; the base is tenoned into the plinth. The plinth is hollow on the front and side faces, finished with a top bead, and nailed to the back rail. The post backs are rounded from crest to seat. The seat frame has a rounded-canted lip; an interior rabbet supports the loose-seat frame. The rails are joined to the front posts and leg extensions with vertical rectangular tenons (pinned, double at the side backs); scribe marks are visible at some joints. The rear feet are canted on the forward faces and chamfered at the front corners with the inside chamfers continuing to the back rail. The squared front legs are stop fluted on the outside faces and chamfered on the inside back corners. The side and rear stretchers are joined to the legs in vertical rectangular tenons (pinned, at side stretchers); the medial stretcher is dovetailed into the side stretchers from the bottom. Source: Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur, (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 83.

See also


Bibliography

John T. Kirk, American Chairs: Queen Anne and Chippendale (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1972), 140, fig. 182.
John T. Kirk, American Furniture and the British Tradition to 1830 (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1982), 267, fig. 939.
Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur: Queen Anne and Chippendale Periods (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 82–83, no. 47, ill.