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Photo: Courtesy Winterthur Museum and Country Estate, Del., 1959.2641
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Roundabout chair


Object number

RIF1416

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

Height: 75.883 cm (29 7/8 in.); Height, seat: 43.339 cm (17 1/16 in.); Width, crest: 46.038 cm (18 1/8 in.); Width, seat, across center: 58.738 cm (23 1/8 in.); Width, arms: 73.66 cm (29 in.); Width, feet, across center: 66.358 cm (26 1/8 in.); Depth, seat: 55.88 cm (22 in.); Depth, feet, front to back: 66.04 cm (26 in.)

Date

1760–1790

Current location

Winterthur Museum, Garden, and Library

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

American black walnut

Inscriptions

Inside right front seat rail: "No. 1454 / Jonassen[?] / HAVENS & WILDE" in ink, on preprinted and hand-written red-bordered, gummed paper label.

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Henry Francis du Pont (1880–1969), Winterthur, Delaware; given to Winterthur Museum, 1960

Associated names

Henry Francis du Pont

Construction

The ogee-end crest is attached to the arm rail with six spaced wooden pins driven in from the bottom along the back edge and by two recessed screws at the front that flank the center back post. The crest face is rounded to the upper back edge; the back surface is marked by a broad shallow channel. The two-piece flat arm rail with slightly rounded top edges is joined in a short lap at the center back. The forward-scroll knuckles, formed from two pieces of wood, are carved with volutes in the side faces. The flat-faced pierced splats are incised at the tops, bottoms, and crossings of the straps. The splat edges are flat; the piercings are only slightly canted, front to back. The splats are tenoned into the arm rail and plinths. The plinths are hollow on the front and side faces, finished with top beads, and nailed to the back seat rails. The posts are round tenoned into the arm rail and pinned once from the outside surface. The blocked compass-shape seat frame is finished with a rounded-sloping top lip, interior rabbets at the front rails to support the loose-seat frame, and corner blocks. The bottom edges are sawed in flat arches. The rails are joined to the post blocks and front leg extension with rectangular tenons (double-pinned at blocks, single-pinned at front leg). The side and rear legs, which are continuous with upper posts, are creased at the front, back, and sides; the forward is rounded at the knee. The knee brackets are attached with nails. Source: Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur, (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 133.

See also


Bibliography

Joseph Downs, American Furniture: Queen Anne and Chippendale Periods in the Henry Francis DuPont Winterthur Museum (New York: MacMillan Company, 1952), no. 68.
Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur: Queen Anne and Chippendale Periods (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 132–133, no. 73, ill.
Patricia E. Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), 337n5.