image of object
Photo: Courtesy Winterthur Museum and Country Estate, Del., 1958.0135.008
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Easy chair


Object number

RIF1417

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

Height: 121.92 cm (48 in.); Height, seat: 35.56 cm (14 in.); Width, wings: 85.408 cm (33 5/8 in.); Width, front seat rail: 74.93 cm (29 1/2 in.); Width, rear seat rail: 60.643 cm (23 7/8 in.); Width, arms: 85.09 cm (33 1/2 in.); Width, feet: 74.93 cm (29 1/2 in.); Depth, seat: 61.595 cm (24 1/4 in.); Depth, feet: 69.85 cm (27 1/2 in.)

Date

1790–1810

Current location

Winterthur Museum, Garden, and Library

Geography

Probably made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (front and rear legs); birch (seat frame)

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Guy Warren Walker, Jr. (1897–1978), Beverly, Massachusetts; sold to Henry Francis du Pont (1880–1969), Winterthur, Delaware, 1958; given to Winterthur Museum, 1959

Associated names

Colonel Guy Warren Walker, Jr.
Henry Francis du Pont

Construction

(Frame upholstered; some commentary based on a photograph of the bare frame.) The serpentine crest is supported on rectangular tenons at the top of the rear stiles. The wing rails appear to be rabbeted to the outside faces of the rear stiles and are probably secured with nails. The forward ends of the wing rails are tenoned into the wing stiles, which in turn are tenoned into the arms. The joinery of the arm assembly is uncertain, but the arms, which are squared at the back, are either tenoned or nailed to the rear stiles. The forward ends rest on top of the front stiles possibly secured with a tenon. The bases of the same supports are tenoned into the side seat rails. The triangular forward pieces, which are attached to the faces of the arm stiles with glue or nails, are probably glued at the front to the side rails and leg extensions. The rear stiles are feet are spliced together just about rail level, the joint secured by screws. The bottom tips of the stiles are also notched into the tops of the side rails. The seat rails and legs are joined with mortise and tenon. The rear legs are canted on the forward surfaces; the inside front corners are broadly chamfered, top to bottom. The rear surfaces flare backward, forming arcs. The front legs, which extend above the rails, are square in section with a wide chamfer on the inside rear corners, top to bottom. The outside surfaces are patterned with stop fluting. The narrow rectangular outside stretchers are tenoned into the adjacent members; the medial stretcher is dovetailed into the side stretchers from the bottom. Source: Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur, (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 161-162.

Bibliography

Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur: Queen Anne and Chippendale Periods (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 160–162, no. 87, ill.