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Photo: Courtesy Winterthur Museum and Country Estate, Del., 1958.2775
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Dressing table


Object number

RIF1427

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

Overall (Height): 80.645cm (31 3/4in.) Other (Width, top): 101.283cm (39 7/8in.) Other (Width, case): 81.28cm (32in.) Other (Width, feet): 86.043cm (33 7/8in.) Other (Depth, top): 56.356cm (22 3/16in.) Other (Depth, case): 50.8cm (20in.) Other (Depth, feet): 55.88cm (22in.)

Date

1750–1775

Current location

Winterthur Museum, Garden, and Library

Geography

Probably made in Rhode Island, Possibly made in Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Black walnut (primary); chestnut (drawer bottoms); red oak (backboard); yellow poplar (drawer sides, backing on vertical divider, drawer runners)

Inscriptions

"4" in chalk on inside of all drawer backs

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Henry Francis du Pont (1880–1969), Winterthur, Delaware; bequeathed to Winterthur Museum, 1969

Associated names

Henry Francis du Pont

Construction

The two-board top with cove- and thumb-molded edges on three sides and indented double-ogee-shape front corners overhangs the case deeply at the sides and more shallowly at the front; it is pinned to the frame. The sides of the case and the backboard are tenoned and double-pinned to the posts. The top rail, drawer blade, and bottom rail (or skirt) are tenoned into the front posts--the blade and bottom rail held with single pins. The vertical drawer divider is through-tenoned to the drawer blade at the top. The divider bottom is tenoned in part to the skirt; a back extension butts against the back of the skirt. The runners for the top drawer are tenoned to the drawer blade and nailed at the back to the case sides. The outer runners for the bottom drawers are notched to fit around the posts and nailed. The center runner is notched at the front to fit around the extension of the vertical divider and nailed; the back end is supported on a batten. Battens are nailed across the inside of the backboard below each tier of drawers; the batten at the top is much narrower than the one at the bottom. The legs are one piece with the corner posts; the brackets are glued to the inside faces of the knees. The drawers are dovetailed, front and back, and the upper edges of the sides and back are rounded. The drawer bottoms, the grain running from front to back, are deeply chamfered on three sides, set into grooves, and nailed flush across the back with rosehead nails. A narrow thumbmolding finishes the front edges of the drawers; the side and top lips butt against the case. Source: Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur, (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 336.

Bibliography

Joseph Downs, American Furniture: Queen Anne and Chippendale Periods in the Henry Francis DuPont Winterthur Museum (New York: MacMillan Company, 1952), no. 326, ill.
Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur: Queen Anne and Chippendale Periods (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 334–336, no. 170, ill.