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Photo: Liza and Michael Moses Photographic Archive, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.
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Dining table


Object number

RIF1614

Maker

Maker John Goddard, 1723/24–1785

Dimensions

69.22 x 31.12 x 44.45 cm (27 1/4 x 12 1/4 x 17 1/2 in.); Width, open: 103.51 cm (40 3/4 in.)

Date

1760

Current location

Unknown

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); maple (secondary)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

"Out," in graphite, on inner rails near hinges; "1," and "2," in graphite, on inner rails at each corresponding end rail

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

John Brown (1736–1803), Providence, Rhode Island; bequeathed to his daughter Sarah "Sally" Brown Herreshoff (1773–1846), Bristol, Rhode Island; by descent to her son Charles Frederick Herreshoff III (1809–1888) and his wife, Julia Ann Lewis (1811–1901), Bristol; by descent to their daughter Caroline Louisa Herreshoff (1837–1924), Bristol, Rhode Island; by inheritance to her grandson Westcote Herreshoff Chesebrough (1908–1979), Providence, Rhode Island, 1924; consigned to Gustave J. S. White, Inc., Newport, Rhode Island, July 15, 1974; sold to Israel Sack Inc., New York, 1974; sold to Eric Martin Wunsch (1924–2013), New York; consigned by his estate to Christie's, New York, September 22, 2014, lot 51

Associated names

John Brown
Sarah "Sally" Brown Herreshoff
Charles Frederick Herreshoff III
Caroline Louisa Herreshoff III
Westcote Herreshoff Chesebrough
Gustave J. S. White, Inc.
Israel Sack, Inc.
E. Martin Wunsch
Christie's

Construction

The single-board square-edged top bears toothing plane marks on its underside and is joined to its single-board square-edged leaves by four iron hinges, each leaf thrice-screwed. One leaf?s hinges have been reset (possibly replaced) and nearby sections of the leaf replaced. The joint between the top and leaves is quarter round. The method of attachment between top and frame is not visible. Later longitudinal boards are glued and nailed to the underside of the top. There are holes in the stationary rails indicating the former presence of transverse battens. The stationary rails are joined to the short rails with finely cut dovetails at corners rabbeted to receive the top of the hinged legs. The underside of the short rails have file marks and take the form of flat-headed arches. One is chamfered at its backside, the other is not. There is a vertical glue block shadow at the juncture of one short and stationary rail, as well as prominent kerf marks on the short rail. The opposite juncture (at the chamfered short-rail end) has a rectilinear vertical glue block. The short rails and hinged rails are attached to each other with mortise and tenon joints, each exhibiting two wood pins and scribe lines on the underside of the stationary end of the hinged rails. The hinged and stationary rails are joined by rosehead nails. The hinged end of the hinged rails also contain mortise and tenon joints, exhibiting two wood pins apiece, as well as seven-toothed round wood hinges. The knee brackets are glued to their respective legs and rails. There are vertical rectangular stops nailed with brads beside each hinge at the outer rails. The square-sectioned cabriole legs have angular knees and ankles and vigorously carved tendons, knuckles, and claws grasping elongated ball feet. Examined by P. E. Kane and D. Carr, May 9, 2006; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd.

Notes

The table is associated with a bill of 1760 from John Goddard to John Brown, now in the John Carter Library, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.

Bibliography

American Antiques from Israel Sack Collection, 10 vols. (Washington, D.C.: Highland House Publishers, 1957–1989), vol. 5, pp. 1140–1141, no. P4059, ill.
"Gustave J. S. White, Inc., advertisement," Antiques 105, no. 6 (June 1974): 1265, ill.
Gustave J. S. White, Inc., Newport, R.I., Property of Westcote Herreshoff Chesebrough at "Wakehurst," Ochre Point Avenue, Newport, sale cat. (July 15, 1974), ill.
Michael Moses, Master Craftsmen of Newport: The Townsends and Goddards (Tenafly, N.J.: MMI Americana Press, 1984), 47, fig. 1.34.
Amy Coes, "A Bill of Sale from John Goddard to John Brown and the Furniture It Documents," Antiques 169, no. 5 (May 2006): 131–133, fig. 6.
Christie's New York, New York, Important American Furniture, Outsider, and Folk Art, sale cat. (September 22, 2014), 66–69, lot 51, ill.