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Photo: Courtesy Yale University Art Gallery, Mabel Brady Garvan Collection, 1930.2415
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Side chair


Object number

RIF2957

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

39 9/16 x 15 3/4 x 16 7/8 in. (100.489 x 40.005 x 42.863 cm)

Date

1760–1780

Current location

Yale University Art Gallery

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

American black walnut (primary); soft maple (seat rails); white pine (corner blocks)

Inscriptions

Ink inscription on torn paper label (now removed from chair to gallery files): "Gov WM.../Chair-s.../my Catalo.../Page 45.No.../ I W Lyo.."

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Possibly Gov. William Pitkin (1694–1769), Hartford, Connecticut. Irving W. Lyon 1840–1896), Hartford; by descent to his daughter, Mrs. John P. Penney (née Mary Lyon), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; sold by her to Francis P. Garvan (1875–1937), New York; given by him to Yale University Art Gallery, 1930

Associated names

Gov. William Pitkin
Irving W. Lyon
Mary Lyon Penney
Francis P. Garvan

Construction

The front corner blocks are triangular in shape with horizontal grain and are attached with rosehead nails and glue. The crest rail is pinned to the stiles. The rear seat rail is pinned to the stiles with single wooden pegs. The side seat rails are pinned to the stiles with double wooden pegs. The side stretchers are pinned to the rear stiles. The splat shoe is nailed to the rear seat rail. Each knee bracket is held secure with two nails. A new one-inch deep piece has been added to the inside of the rear seat rails. The rear corner blocks are new. The left stile has been cracked and repaired above the seat.

See also


Bibliography

Patricia E. Kane, 300 Years of American Seating Furniture Chairs and Beds from the Mabel Brady Garvan and Other Collections at Yale University (Boston: New York Graphic Society, 1976), 145, no. 123, ill.
Patricia E. Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), 348nn7, 9.