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Photo: Courtesy of Gary R. Sullivan Antiques Inc., Sharon, Mass.; photo by Matthew J. Buckley
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Chest of drawers


Object number

RIF3432

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

83.03 x 102.39 x 53.18 cm (32 11/16 x 40 5/16 x 20 15/16 in.)

Date

1770–1790

Current location

Private collection

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); sycamore (backs drawer dividers and upper front rail); pine (all other secondary wood)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

“Back,” in chalk, on interior backs of drawers; “C,” in graphite, on top of divider under top drawer; “X,” in chalk, on interior proper-right side of case; mathematical figures, in chalk, on interior proper-left side of case; “F,” in chalk, on underside of front batten under top; “Back” and “You look OO[?],” in chalk, on underside of rear batten under top

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Philip Zexter Antiques, Rumford, Rhode Island; sold to Gary R. Sullivan Antiques, Inc., Sharon, Massachusetts, 2007; sold to private collection

Associated names

Philip Zexter Antiques
Gary R. Sullivan Antiques, Inc.

Construction

The oblong, single-board top is molded on its straight sides and serpentine front. It is supported visually by a cove molding extending beyond the top slightly in back, where it returns upon itself. The top is secured to its conformingly shaped case by three longitudinal battens fixed with screws, rosehead nails, and glue to its underside and dovetailed to the single-board case sides. The case back consists of two half-lapped horizontal boards fixed with screws and a variety of nails into rabbets in the case sides and directly to the case bottom and the rear sub-top batten. The cockbeading on the stiles and drawer dividers is applied with wood-filled fasteners. The drawer dividers are serpentine in front and straight in back and, like the top rail, are set into grooves in the case sides. A replaced tip bar is nailed with brads below the sub-top battens, replaced drawer supports are screwed into the case sides, and continuous vertical drawer stops are nailed into the rear corners of the case. The lower drawer has no supports, but rests on the top of the kerf-marked single-board case bottom, which is blind-dovetailed to the case sides. The cockbeaded front of the case bottom constitutes the bottom rail of the case. The solid, single-board, serpentine, kerf-marked drawer fronts meet their slightly shorter, arched-top drawer sides in dovetail joints with finely cut narrow-necked pins of slightly varying thicknesses, with half-pins above and below. The roughly planed, single-board drawer bottoms are parallel to the fronts and chamfered at the front and sides, where they fit into grooves. There are full-depth blocks, to which are glued full-depth runners, at the joints between drawer bottom and side. The bottoms are nailed to the drawer backs with rosehead nails. A base molding is fixed to the front of the case with rosehead nails through the top of the bottom. It is serpentine in front (with a parallel scribe line on its underside) and straight in back. The base moldings at the sides are mitered to the front portion and cover the joints between the case sides and case bottom. Together they comprise a three-sided frame around the front and sides of the case bottom, to which the feet are attached. Each front foot consists of a shaped vertical block attached directly to the base-molding frame and flanked by shaped horizontal glue blocks, the whole faced with ogee brackets. The rear feet are configured similarly, except for their back brackets, which are simple straight-profiled ogee brackets set into grooves in the outside-facing ogee bracket. The back facing edges of the rear feet?s outside brackets have an ogee profile. Examined by P. E. Kane and J. N. Johnson, July 1, 2014; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd.

Bibliography

"Newport Chest-Chippendale pulls," http://www.garysullivanantiques.com/Furniture.htm (accessed October 11, 2010).