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Photo: Courtesy Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn., Gift of Edith Swain Bullock and William C. Bullock, Jr., B.A. 1958, 2007.180.1
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Dining table


Object number

RIF4078

Maker

Maker Unknown
(hinges) W. Sparrow

Dimensions

Closed: 68.58 x 38.1 x 124.46 cm (27 x 15 x 49 in.)

Date

1760–1780

Current location

Yale University Art Gallery

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); maple (hinged and stationary rails and cross braces); chestnut (glue blocks); and white pine (glue block)

Marks

"WS" and "W SPARROW," stamped incuse, on one leaf of four hinges; "WS," stamped incuse, on one leaf of two hinges

Inscriptions

"X," incised, and "X," in graphite, on stationary rails behind hinged portion; "X," in chalk, on underside of center board

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Edith S. Haskell; by descent to Edith Swain Bullock and William C. Bullock, Jr., Orrington, Maine, before 2007; given to the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut, 2007

Associated names

Edith S. Haskell
William C. Bullock, Jr.
Edith Swain Bullock

Construction

The single-board top has bowed ends and a quarter round edge. The similarly edged flanking leaves are joined to it with six sets of metal hinges, four set slightly inward of the legs, the other two at the midpoint of the frame. The joint between the top and leaves is quarter round. The top is secured by screw pockets inside the flat-arched short rails. Horizontal glue blocks at these rails are now missing. There are two transverse braces under the top, which pass through voids in the stationary and hinged rails. The swinging rail of the hinged leg is cut out to fit over the braces, which end in round reserves centering the dome-headed screws. The stationary and hinged rails are attached with rosehead nails. Vertical glue blocks occupy the corners where the stationary rails and short rails meet. The stationary and short rails are attached with a rabbeted dovetail joint, with finely cut pins and half-pins above and below. The hinged rails have round wood five-knuckled hinges, and they join their respective legs with mortise and tenon joints, each exhibiting two pins. The knee returns at the swing legs are attached with nails and glue, those at the stationary legs with glue alone. One is missing. The angular square-sectioned cabriole legs (one with old repairs) have rigorously carved tendons, claws and talons grasping elongated ball feet. Examined by P. E. Kane, J. N. Johnson, and T. B. Lloyd, July 25, 2012; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd.

Bibliography

"Acquisitions, July 1, 2007–June 30, 2008," Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2008): 171–72, ill.