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Photo: Courtesy Historic Deerfield, Inc., Mass., HD 1999.5.5. Photo by Penny Leveritt
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Card table


Object number

RIF4293

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

Closed: 72.39 x 83.82 x 40.64 cm (28 1/2 x 33 x 16 in.)

Date

1785–1795

Current location

Historic Deerfield, Inc.

Geography

Made in Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); maple (hinged rail); pine (stationary rail); yellow poplar (original glueblock)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

"X X," in graphite, on rear surfaces of leaves of top

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Willoughby Farr, Edgewater, New Jersey; sold to Charles Warner Hurst and Julia Bates Hurst, New York, 1933; by descent in their family; given to Historic Deerfield, Inc., Massachusetts, 1999

Associated names

Willoughby Farr
Charles Warner Hurst
Julia Bates Hurst
Descendants of Charles Warner Hurst and Julia Bates Hurst

Construction

The single-board lower leaf has a cove-molded edge, a serpentine front and sides and square front corners. It is joined to its conformingly shaped upper leaf, which has a square gouge-carved edge, by brass hinges set into the edges of their rear corners. There is a single joint between them consisting of a tenon at the midpoint of the lower leaf?s back edge and a mortise on the upper leaf, both laid out with scribe lines. The lower leaf is secured to its conformingly shaped frame by five screwpockets – one each in the rear inside face of the side rails, one in the middle of the outside face of the exterior rear rail, and one in each end of the inside face of the front rail. The skirts and fronts of the front and side rails are serpentine; their inside faces are straight. A small gouge-carved molding is glued into a rabbet at the rails? skirts and continues across the outside faces of the legs. The rails are tenoned, without wood pins, to the legs. In the proper right inside corner of the frame is a vertical rectangular glue block. The interior rear rail at that corner meets the side rail in a dovetail joint having finely cut pins, with half-pins above and below. The rail is joined by rosehead nails to the stationary portion of the exterior rear rail. There is a single nail in the outside face of that rail, beside the screwpocket. The swinging portion of the rear rail, tenoned without wood pins to the top of the proper right leg, moves by means of a square five-knuckled carved wood hinge. At the top of each inside face of the front leg is an openwork bracket, nailed with brads into the top of each leg and the bottom of each rail. The legs are square, molded on their outside faces only. Examined by P. E. Kane and J. N. Johnson, October 29, 2014; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd.

Notes

A number of card tables attributed to Rhode Island have facades with serpentine curves in plan and section, beading or gadrooning along the lower edge of the facade, blocked corners, straight molded legs, pierced corner brackets, and gouge decoration on the top leaf edge. See the related examples below. Closely related tables have stop-fluted legs; see, for example, RIF64. Other tables lacking some of the features shared by these two groups are recorded in the database as well.

See also


Bibliography

Brock Jobe, Gary R. Sullivan, and Jack O'Brien, Harbor and Home: Furniture of Southeastern Massachusetts, 1710–1850 (Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 2009), 411, entry 41n2.