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Photo: Courtesy Winterthur Museum and Country Estate, Del., 1953.0093.002
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Card table


Object number

RIF4295

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

Height, closed: 74.93 cm (29 1/2 in.); Width, top: 81.28 cm (32 in.); Width, frame: 80.328 cm (31 5/8 in.); Width, feet: 77.47 cm (30 1/2 in.); Depth, closed: 37.465 cm (14 3/4 in.); Depth, open: 78.74 cm (31 in.); Depth, feet: 36.195 cm (14 1/4 in.)

Date

1780–1800

Current location

Winterthur Museum, Garden, and Library

Geography

Made in Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); white pine (stationary rail and glue blocks); soft maple group (hinged rail)

Marks

Unknown

Inscriptions

"No. 2," in chalk, on underside of top; "No. 2," in graphite, on inside of stationary rail, upside down; "X," incised on back and bottom stationary outer rear rail and on back of both right and left rear legs

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

David Stockwell, Wilmington, Delaware, 1953; sold to the Winterthur Museum and Country Estate, Delaware, 1953

Associated names

David Stockwell, Inc.

Construction

The two halves of the solid top are hinged together at the back. A tenon centered in the back edge of the stationary half keys into a slot in the upper half. The upper half, decorated with a conforming incised bead on the top and chisel cuts on the edge, unfolds to rest on the left rear leg, which swings out to support it. The lower half is attached with screws countersunk into the frame. The front and side skirt rails, serpentine on the outer surface and flat inside, are tenoned to the front legs, the joint reinforced with a quarter-round vertical glue block. The inner rear rail is dovetailed to one end rail and abuts the other; both corners are reinforced with quarter-round vertical glue blocks. The thick outer rear rail, divided in half by a five-part finger-joined hinge, is tenoned to the rear legs. The stationary part is attached with rosehead nails to the inner rail; the other part forms the swing action. The carved skirt edge is cut from solid wood across the front and side rails and is let into the legs as a separate piece. The pierced brackets are nailed to the legs and rails with cut sprigs. All the legs are molded on two sides. Source: Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 273.

Notes

A number of card tables attributed to Rhode Island have facades with serpentine curves in plan and section, beading or gadrooning along the lower edge of the facade, blocked corners, stop-fluted legs, pierced corner brackets, and gouge decoration on the top leaf edge. See the related examples below. Closely related tables have straight legs; see, for example, RIF56. Other similar tables lacking some of the features shared by these two groups are recorded in the database as well.

See also


Bibliography

James Smith, "The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum," Antiques 113, no. 6 (June 1978): 1288.
Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur: Queen Anne and Chippendale Periods (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 271–272, no. 142.
Brock Jobe, Gary R. Sullivan, and Jack O'Brien, Harbor and Home: Furniture of Southeastern Massachusetts, 1710–1850 (Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 2009), 411, entry 41n2.