image of object
From: American Antiques from Israel Sack Collection, vol. 10Washington D.C.: Highland House Publishers, Inc., 1987, 2605, fig. P-6309
Click the image to enlarge

Chest-on-chest


Object number

RIF4530

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

84 x 41 1/2 x 21 1/2 in. (213.36 x 105.41 x 54.61 cm)

Date

1760–1790

Current location

Private collection

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); yellow poplar (drawer divider backings, drawer linings, vertical braces, and backings for quarter columns); chestnut (backboards and bottom board lower case); pine (battens on top of lower case and top of upper case)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

"T," in chalk, at tops of blocks behind quarter columns in upper case; "2," and "4," in chalk at bottom of blocks behind quarter columns in lower case; "4" and "4," in graphite in rear corner of one long drawer

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

George Gibbs II, Newport, Rhode Island; by descent in his family, before 1990. Israel Sack, Inc., New York, 1990

Associated names

George Gibbs II
Israel Sack, Inc.

Construction

The serpentine-shaped closed pediment is decorated by a crown molding, the lower portion of which frames two circular cutouts centering a molded and fluted plinth supporting a fluted, spherical finial with corkscrew flame, slightly larger then the flanking, similarly configured finials on smaller, simpler plinths. There are two thumb-molded, shaped scrollboard panels below. Within the upper case are two transverse cleats, centered over each small drawer set into grooves in the back board and both set into grooves and nailed to the top rail, which keep the upper drawers from tipping. Set into a groove and nailed across the back of the case is a full-width support for the upper drawers, half-tapped to which and to the upper dustboard is a medial drawer support, below which is a vertical cleat, nailed to the multi-board horizontal backboards. The upper case long drawers have drawer supports set into grooves in continuous vertical blocks at the back of the case below the upper drawer supports. These blocks also serve as drawer stops. The supports are fitted with drawer guides and are half-lapped to the dustboards. Also functioning as the drawer guides are deep blocks behind the quarter column assemblies. Three rectilinear horizontal glue blocks reinforce the joint between the lower rail and the upper case bottom. The top and bottom rails are set into grooves in the upper case sides. The stile between the small drawers is half-lapped behind the top rail and half-blind dovetailed to the drawer divider and support below. The balance of the upper drawer dividers meet the case sides in half-blind dovetail joints, flanked by fluted quarter columns with turned bases and capitals. The lower case is configured similarly within, bearing four longitudinal rectilinear glue blocks behind the bottom rail. The lower case vertical cleat, which is not full height, is attached to the case back with rosehead nails. The lower case back contains two horizontal boards, half-lapped together, and nailed in rabbets in the case top and sides and directly into the edge of the case bottom, with rosehead nails. The lower case top consists of two horizontal boards with an opening between them. The single-board lower case bottom is dovetailed to the case sides. Visible in the case bottoms are the dovetail pins of the quarter columns? stiles above. The two small and four long drawers of the upper case and four long drawers of the lower case are all graduated, their fronts lipped and thumb-molded, and attached to their arched-topped drawer sides, of which they are slightly proud, with dovetail joints, having finely cut narrow-necked pins with chamfered half-pins above and half-pins with grooves below. The two-board drawer bottoms are parallel to the drawer fronts, fit into grooves in the drawer fronts and are secured to the drawer sides by full-depth applied runners. Behind the ogee bracket feet are full-height rectangular blocks flanked at the case bottom above by shaped horizontal blocks. At the back of the rear legs are simple incurvate brackets, set into grooves in the ogee side facing. Examined by P. E. Kane, September 9, 2003; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd

See also


Bibliography

American Antiques from Israel Sack Collection, 10 vols. (Washington, D.C.: Highland House Publishers, 1957–1989), vol. 10, p. 2605, no. P6309, ill.