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Photo: Courtesy Collection of John and Judith Herdeg; photo by Christopher Gardner
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Banister-back side chair


Object number

RIF4535

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

108.9 x 53.34 x 38.1 cm (42 7/8 x 21 x 15 in.)

Date

1740–1770

Current location

John A. Herdeg, Judith Herdeg

Geography

Probably made in Providence, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Maple (front legs, rear posts, front seat rail, corner blocks of seat, lower back rail, and crest); ring porous wood(?) (lower front stretcher and side seat rails)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

None

Style

William and Mary

Provenance

Charitable Baptist Society of the First Baptist Church in America, Providence, Rhode Island; consigned to Northeast Auctions, Hampton and Portsmouth, New Hampshire (sale held Manchester, New Hampshire), August 7–8, 1993, lot 566 (left); sold to Judith Herdeg and John A. Herdeg, Mendenhall, Pennsylvania

Associated names

Charitable Baptist Society of the First Baptist Church in America
Northeast Auctions

Construction

The front of the double-serpentine crest rail has chamfered edges and centers a circular reserve containing carved floral motifs. There are similar, smaller reserves, containing carved circles, in the flanking serpentine portions. The crest rail is flat in back and tenoned into the turned stiles, with one wood pin per joint visible in the back only. Three split banisters below, flat in front and rounded behind, match the turnings of the stiles and are tenoned into the underside of the crest rail and the top of the lower rail, which has chamfered edges in front and back, a serpentine skirt, and is tenoned into the stiles. The rush-covered seat rails are doweled into the stiles and into trapezoidal front corner blocks, into which the turned front legs are doweled. There is a single plain rear stretcher, which, like the double front and side stretchers, is doweled into its neighboring legs. Examined by P. E. Kane and J. N. Johnson, April 21, 2014; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd.

Notes

The chairs have been grain painted over a reddish-brown paint.

See also


Bibliography

Northeast Auctions, Hampton, N.H., Important Americana and Folk Art, sale cat. (August 7–8, 1993), 37, lot 566 (left), ill.
Patricia E. Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), 188–189, no. 22, ill.