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Photo: Courtesy Chepstow, The Preservation Society of Newport County, Newport, Rhode Island; photo by Tracey Kroll
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Side chairs, pair


Object number

RIF4761

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

97.155 x 47.943 x 46.038 cm (38 1/4 x 18 7/8 x 18 1/8 in.)

Date

1740–1760

Current location

Preservation Society of Newport County

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Maple (primary); pine (front seat rail of one chair)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

“VII,” incised on underside of proper-right front seat block of one chair [PSNC.8718.1]; “II,” incised on underside of proper-right front seat block of other chair [PSNC.8718.2]; "Loaned by the Morris Family / of "Malbone" Newport R.I. / 1934," writtin in ink on paper label affixed to interior surface of front seat rail of both chairs; "Chairs Belonging To / Sarah Anne Coddington & long in her family / B: May 14th, 1803 / D: Dec. 10th, 1891 / M: Oct. 31, 1822 / John W. Davis / of Newport / D: John Coddington / G.D: Edward Coddington / G.G.D: Nathaniel Coddington / G.G.G.D: Maj. Nathaniel Coddington / Indian Wars [?] G.G.G.G.D: Gov. William Codding[ton]," written in ink on paper label affixed to exterior surface of rear seat rail of both chairs

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

By descent in the Coddington family, Newport, Rhode Island; by descent to Mrs. John W. Davis (née Sarah Anne Coddington, 1803–1891), Newport, Rhode Island; sold by her estate to Mrs. Lewis Gouverneur Morris (née Alletta Nathalie Lorillard Bailey, 1883–1935), Newport, Rhode Island; by descent to Mrs. Alletta Morris McBean; given to the Preservation Society of Newport County, Rhode Island,1986

Associated names

Coddington family
Sarah Anne Coddington
Mrs. Lewis Gouveneur Morris
Mrs. Alletta Morris McBean

Construction

Each chair has a slightly serpentine, slightly incurvate yoke-shaped crest rail with pointed, incurvate ears. The front face is flat; the rear face has some chamfered edges. Tenoned and wood-pinned to it are straight, rearward-raking, flat-fronted, chamfered-back stiles, continuous with square, inward-and rearward-raking back legs. Also tenoned into the bottom of the crest rail is an openwork, single-piece, vasiform splat, which is flat in front and has some chamfered edges in the back. The splat is tenoned into a molded, four-sided shoe which is nailed with brads to the rear seat rail below, which is tenoned and wood-pinned to the rear legs. Attached to its inside face with three rosehead nails is a supporting rail for the rush seat. The rectangular rear stretcher is tenoned into and flush with the outer faces of the rear legs, without wood pins. The straight, flat-skirted side seat rails are tenoned, with wood pins, to their neighboring legs. The deeply scalloped front seat rail is tenoned, with wood pins, to the blocks atop the front legs. The rush seat is not removable. It consists of four framing rails, tenoned to each other and nailed with brads on the underside of each exposed corner. The outside edges of each corner are tenoned into the tops of each leg. The seat is further secured to the frame by molded strips, mitered at the front corners, which are nailed with brads to the side and front rails below. The rectangular side stretchers are tenoned and single-wood-pinned to the front and rear legs. A ball-and-reel-turned stretcher is doweled into the blocked and vase-turned front legs. Examined by P.E. Kane and J.N. Johnson, March 28, 2014; notes compiled by T.B. Lloyd.

Notes

Chepstow House

See also


Bibliography

Patricia E. Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), 251–253, no. 44, ill.