image of object
Photo: National Trust for Historic Preservation, Washington, D.C., inv. no. NT 59.59.1–.4, on loan to Preservation Society of Newport County, Rhode Island, L.40-L.42, L.86; photo by Tracey Kroll
Click the image to enlarge

Side chairs, set of four


Object number

RIF5747

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

41 x 21 x 17 in. (104.14 x 53.34 x 43.18 cm)

Date

1740–1790

Current location


Geography

Possibly made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Walnut

Marks

None

Inscriptions

Two triangle notches, incised on inner edge of front seat rail of L.41; five triangle notches, incised on inner edge of front seat rail of L.42

Style

Queen Anne

Provenance

By descent in the Rogers family, Newport, Rhode Island. Mrs. George Connal-Rowan (née Helena de St. Prie Case); given to the National Trust for Historic Preservation; lent to the Preservation Society of Newport County, Rhode Island

Associated names

Rogers family
Mrs. George Connal-Rowan
Preservation Society of Newport County

Construction

Each chair has flat-fronted, double-arched, chamfered back crest rail, with incurvate central portion, to which is tenoned a vasiform, serpentine, chamfered-back solid splat, also tenoned into the molded single-piece shoe below. The shoe is nailed with brads to the rear seat rail, and overhangs the seat frame. Tenoned into the crest rail, the flat-fronted, chamfered-back stiles are square where they meet the seat frame, chamfered between the frame and stretchers, and square and rearward-raking below. The rear seat rail and rabbeted, serpentine side rails are tenoned to the stiles without wood pins. The side rails are tenoned to the front legs and wood-pinned at the proper left side of the proper left leg. The cabriole legs have rounded knees and ankles and shod pad feet. The medial and rear turned stretchers are doweled into their respective members. The blocked and turned side stretchers are tenoned and wood-pinned to the front and rear legs. Examined by J.N. Johnson, November 8, 2011; notes compiled by T.B. Lloyd.

Bibliography

Patricia E. Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), 351, no. 72, fig. 2.