Ichabod Cole, 1748 - 1841
Place of workWarren, Rhode Island
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Ichabod Cole worked in the town of Warren, Rhode Island, which was created in 1747 from parts of Barrington, Rhode Island, and Swansea and Rehoboth, Massachusetts. It is on the eastern side of Narragansett Bay between Providence to the north and Newport to the south at the top of the peninsula framed by the Palmer and Warren Rivers on the west and the Kickemuit River on the east. Warren town records list the birth of an Ichabod Cole to Isaac and Sarah Cole on December 17, 1748. (1) Isaac Cole and Sarah Easterbrook had married two years earlier in Swansea, and their births were recorded there in 1726 and 1728 respectively. (2) Isaac and Sarah probably did not actually move from Swansea to Warren, but rather lived in the part of Swansea that became part of Warren. In fact, the Cole family roots in Swansea stretch all the way back to Hugh Cole (16271699), who came with his parents from England, settled with them in Plymouth, and was among the first inhabitants of Swansea when the town was formed in 1667. He was a member of the Baptist church and a shipwright by occupation. (3) Land handed down from Hugh Cole was partly in Swansea and partly in Warren.
Having been born in 1748, Ichabod Cole would have begun his apprenticeship about 1760 when he was between twelve and fourteen years old. Of the half-dozen joiners, shop joiners, and cabinetmakers known to have worked in eighteenth-century Warren, four were senior enough to have trained him: the joiner and housewright Amos Hale (17361818); (4) the joiner and cabinetmaker Daniel Kinnicutt (17351817); (5) the housewright and shop joiner Barnard Mason (17351804); (6) and the joiner Joshua Smith (1709after 1762).(7) Furniture by these craftsmen has yet to be identified making it impossible to determine whether Cole learned his trade in one of these shops in Warren whose many rivers and inlets provided an ideal location for shipbuilding, a trade that flourished there is the eighteenth century. However, it was not uncommon for boys to go to larger towns for craft training, so it is also possible that Cole apprenticed in either Newport or Providence.
Ichabod Cole was identified as a shop joiner when he bought land in Warren in 1774. (8) He is known to have signed a desk and bookcase in 1790 (RIF581) and on the basis of that example other examples have been attributed to him. (9) On December 19, 1773, he married Roby, the daughter of Benjamin Cole (d. 1794). (10) In 1777 Ichabod served as an ensign in the American Revolution and later was granted a pension. (11) He also served on the town council of Warren beginning in 1789 and represented the town at the General Assembly in the 1790s. (12) Roby died in 1825 and Ichabod in 1841 and their remains are buried in the Kickemuit Cemetery in Warren. (13) His will was proved February 20, 1841. (14)
1. Warren Births, Marriages, and Deaths 17381844, vol. 1, p. 22, Warren Town Hall, Rhode Island.
2. H. L. Peter Rounds, transcriber, Vital Records of Swansea, Massachusetts, to 1850 1. Warren Births, Marriages, and Deaths 17381844, vol. 1, p. 22, Warren Town Hall, Rhode Island.
2. H. L. Peter Rounds, transcriber, Vital Records of Swansea, Massachusetts, to 1850 (New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, 1992), pp. 90, 149, 190.
3. Robert Blair St. George, The Wrought Covenant: Source Material for the Study of Craftsmen and Community in Southeastern New England, 16201700 (Brockton Art Center, Fuller Memorial, Brockton, Massachusetts, 1979), p. 80, no. 108.
4. Bristol County Court of Common Pleas, vol. 1, p. 283, Rhode Island Judicial Record Center, Pawtucket; Bristol Deeds, vol. 45, pp. 7071, Bristol Town Hall, Rhode Island; Bristol County Deeds, vol. 4, p. 539, Bristol County Court House, Taunton, Massachusetts.
5. Bristol County Court of Common Pleas, vol. 1, p. 381, Rhode Island Judicial Record Center, Pawtucket; Barrington Deeds, vol. 2, p. 123, Barrington Town Hall, Rhode Island; Vital Records of Swansea, p. 54; Warren Deeds, vol. 4, p. 70, Warren Town Hall, Rhode Island.
6. Bristol County Court of Common Pleas, vol. 1, p. 429, Rhode Island Judicial Record Center, Pawtucket; Warren Deeds, vol. 2, p. 166, Warren Town Hall, Rhode Island; Vital Records of Swansea, p. 44.
7. Bristol County Court of Common Pleas, vol. 1, p. 276, Rhode Island Judicial Record Center, Pawtucket; Bristol County Deeds, vol. 30, p. 363, Bristol County Court House, Taunton, Massachusetts. "Bristol Records: List of Baptisms from the Records of the Church of Christ at Bristol, R.I.," transcribed by George T. Paine, New England Historic Genealogical Register 34 (April 1880): 138.
8. Warren Deeds, vol. 2, p. 403, Warren Town Hall, Rhode Island.
9. Patricia E. Kane, "A Recently Discovered Rhode Island Furniture Maker," Antiques 172, no. 5 (May 2007): 110117.
10. Warren Wills and Inventories, vol. 2, p. 109113, Warren Town Hall, Rhode Island; Ichabod Cole served as executor of his father-in-law's estate.
11. Revolutionary War Image, series M806, roll 203, image 292, file S17353, Heritage Quest Online.
12. Warren Town Records 17881811, n.p., see the meeting minutes for April 15, 1789, May 12, 1796, and April 1797, Warren Town Hall, Rhode Island.
13. Rhode Island Historical Cemeteries Database Index (www.newenglandancestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2003).
14. Warren Wills and Inventories, 18181851, vol. 4, p. 386, microfilm no. 0947762, Family History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.