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From: "Israel Sack, Inc., advertisement," Antiques 116 (October 1979): ill. inside cover
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Tall case clock


Object number

RIF94

Maker

Casemaker Unknown
Clockmaker Edward Spalding, American, 1732–1785

Dimensions

98 1/2 x 18 x 9 1/4 in. (250.191 x 45.72 x 23.495 cm)

Date

1775–1785

Current location

Private collection

Geography

Made in Providence, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); chestnut (top of pediment, pediment back board, case backboard, and battens); cherry (dial mat); yellow poplar (blocks around dial mat and base of hood)

Marks

"Edward Spalding Providence," engraved on brass dial

Inscriptions

"Redeem we time, its loss we dearly buy," engraved on dial arch

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Welcome Arnold (1745–1798), Providence, Rhode Island; by descent in his family; sold to Israel Sack, Inc., New York, by 1979

Associated names

Welcome Arnold
Israel Sack, Inc.

Construction

The removable hood has a flat, single-board roof nailed with brads into rabbets in the top of the side boards of its entablature. The hood?s backboard is fixed with brads and rosehead nails into rabbets in the back edge of the entablature boards. Vertical boards rabbeted at their back edges, roughly marked at the top of their interior faces, and set into grooves in the transverse boards of the hood base comprise the hood sides. They are each secured to strips inside the stiles of the panel behind the hood door with three vertical triangular glue blocks. At the top of the hood entablature is a small, single-piece molding fixed with wood-filled fasteners. The entablature?s cornice below is a single-piece molding, also fixed to the frieze and scrollboards with wood-filled fasteners, which forms at the front a scrolling pediment, into the sides of which the small upper molding dies. Carved stylized rosettes are attached with screws to the scrollboard through the back of its upper extremities. The plain boards of the frieze below are mitered to the scrollboard. The architrave molding below, attached to the frieze and scrollboard with wood-filled fasteners, is arched above the door and centers a keystone below an applied fluted panel. A portion of the scrollboard above the fluted panel is replaced. Tenons at the top of half-round colonnettes are set into the back ends of the hood sides? ends, and the back ends of the hood bottom boards, where they are nailed with tiny brads. The back of the colonnettes? abaci, capitals, bases and plinths are cut out to fit around the tenons. The transverse boards of the hood base are tenoned without wood pins to the front board. In the bottom of each transverse board are some early and some later nails securing them to the hood sides above. There is a large rosehead nail in the proper right end of the front board, and a nail-hole near its midpoint. The stiles of the arched, molded, hinged and glazed hood door are tenoned to their rails without wood pins. A small single-piece molding is fixed with brads and wood-filled fasteners to the front of the hood?s bottom boards; it is slightly proud of the bottom boards? undersides. The hood?s front fluted colonnettes have separate abaci, capitals, bases and plinths. At the top of the case?s waist is an entablature consisting of a large beaded cove molding fixed with wood-filled fasteners above a glued-on open fretwork frieze and a small architrave molding also fixed with wood-filled fasteners and face-nailed with brads. The rails of the waist front are tenoned without wood pins to their stiles, and are flanked by stop-fluted quarter columns with separate abaci, bases and plinths. The capitals are integral with the tops of the flutes. The case corners above and below the quarter columns consist of two boards: the front boards are attached with wood-filled fasteners, the back boards are butt-jointed to the single-board waist sides. The stiles of the arched, lipped and thumb-molded waist door are tenoned and mitered to their rails and center a convex-blocked panel held in with four screws – two in the top and two in the bottom rail. The applied carved shell is secured by another screw in the middle of the arched upper rail. The inside leaves of the door hinges are set in the inside edges of the waist stiles. Within the waist are a single transverse batten below, fixed with nails through its front to the case back, and later battens above. There are vertical glue blocks inside the front corners of the waist, some quarter round with chamfered bottoms. The beaded ogee molding at the transitions from waist to base is fixed with wood-filled fasteners as is the chamfered corner panel with lamb?s tongue bottoms. The stiles and rails of the base front are tenoned and mitered to each other without wood pins and center a thumb-molded rectangular panel. There is a nail head in the lower, proper right corner of the base?s bottom rail, possibly indicating an old repair. The base molding below is mitered at its corners and held on with wood-filled fasteners. Examined by P. E. Kane, September 17, 2015; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd.

Bibliography

American Antiques from Israel Sack Collection, 10 vols. (Washington, D.C.: Highland House Publishers, 1957–1989), vol. 7, pp. 1689, 1702, no. P4857, ill.
"Israel Sack, Inc., advertisement," Antiques 116, no. 4 (October 1979): ill. inside front cover.
Michael Moses, Master Craftsmen of Newport: The Townsends and Goddards (Tenafly, N.J.: MMI Americana Press, 1984), 332, fig. 8.20.