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Photo: Courtesy Morgan Mac Whinnie; photo by Christopher Gardner
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Dressing table


Object number

RIF204

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

81.92 x 93.98 x 60.33 cm (32 1/4 x 37 x 23 3/4 in.)

Date

1750–1780

Current location

Morgan Mac Whinnie

Geography

Probably made in South Kingstown, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); pine (backboards, drawer supports, and tip bars); yellow poplar (drawer linings, backing of drawer divider, batten behind top rail, drawer guide [possibly original], and glue blocks [most replaced])

Marks

None

Inscriptions

“|,” inscribed on interior back of proper-right lower drawer; “||,” inscribed on interior back of proper-left lower drawer; inscription [probably mathematical figures], in chalk, on proper-left exterior side of lower middle drawer; “V,” in chalk, on exterior back of upper drawer; “V,” incised on underside of front edge of top; vertical lines, in chalk, on the exterior sides of most drawers; “X” [multiple, possibly later], in chalk, on underside of guides for lower middle drawer

Style

Queen Anne

Provenance

Probably Carder Hazard (1734–1792), South Kingstown, Rhode Island, or his brother, George Hazard (1724–1791), South Kingstown and Newport, Rhode Island; by descent to Carder's son Dr. George Hazard (1763–1829), South Kingstown, Rhode Island; by descent to his daughter Mrs. Attmore Robinson (née Laura Hazard, 1819–1915), Wakefield, Rhode Island; by descent to her son, George Hazard Robinson (1847–1919), New York; by descent to his daughter, Mrs. William B. Donnell (née Laura Robinson, born 1874), New York; by descent to her granddaughter; consigned to Christie's, New York, January 15–16, 2004, lot 433; sold to Juliana Terian, New York; sold to Morgan Mac Whinnie, Southhampton, New York, 2013

Associated names

Carder Hazard
George Hazard
George Hazard
Laura Hazard Robinson
George Hazard Robinson
Laura Robinson Donnell
Christie's
Juliana Terian

Construction

The rectangular oblong single-board top has incurvate corners, overhangs its backboard, and has four thumb-molded, quarter round edges. It is secured to its case by rosehead nails and later screws in the underside of the top rail, by rosehead nails and screws in transverse battens beside the case sides (which also serve as tip bars for the long drawer), by screws in a later longitudinal batten beside the case back, by a variety of nails and screws near the top of the outer face of the backboard, and by wood pins in the corners of the top?s outside face. The single-board, scallop-skirted case sides meet the straight-skirted, single-board case back in dovetail joints, having thick-necked pins with half-pins above and below. Supports for the upper drawer are half-lapped to the drawer-divider in front and set into grooves in the backboard. The lower-drawer guides against the case sides are replaced. The lower-drawer guides within the case are half-lapped to the vertical elements in the case front (which are half-blind dovetailed to the drawer dividers and the skirt board) and set into grooves in the case back. The lower-drawer supports are half-lapped and nailed to the skirtboard and set into grooves in the backboard. The long drawer front is lipped, thumb-molded and lightly kerf-marked; its slightly shorter drawer sides have arched tops, and its bottom is parallel to its front. The small-drawer fronts meet their similarly configured sides in dovetail joints having thick-necked pins with half-pins above and half-pins with rabbets below. Their bottoms are flat, perpendicular to the fronts, and nailed with brads to the elements above. The rear edges of the tops of the small-drawer backs are rounded. The cabriole legs are of the ?detachable? sort, held into the case corners with (mostly replaced) glueblocks. The knee brackets and the turned pendant in the skirt are replaced. The legs are square-sectioned, with angular knees and ankles, rounded heels and slightly ridged, slightly heavy slipper feet. The rear legs project beyond the backboard. Examined by P. E. Kane and J. N. Johnson, March 18, 2014; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd.

Bibliography

Christie's, New York, Important American Furniture, Folk Art, Silver, Prints, and 20th Century Self-Taught and Outside Art, sale cat. (January 15–16, 2004), 220, lot 433, ill.
Patricia E. Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), 232–233, no. 37.