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Photo: Courtesy The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, The Bayou Bend Collection, Gift of Miss Ima Hogg
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Card table


Object number

RIF228

Maker

Maker attributed John Goddard, 1723/24–1785

Dimensions

Height, closed: 72.07 cm (28 3/8 in.); Height, open: 70.17 cm (27 5/8 in.); Width: 87 cm (34 1/4 in.); Depth, open: 86.36 cm (34 in.); Depth, closed: 46.04 cm (18 1/8 in.)

Date

1755–1790

Current location

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); soft maple (rails); eastern white pine (bottom); red cedar (interior dividers)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

None

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Ginsburg and Levy, Inc., New York, by 1953; sold to Miss Ima Hogg (1882–1975), Houston; given to the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 1969

Associated names

Ima Hogg

Construction

The top consists of two single-board leaves, each with rounded and moulded front and side edges and outset rectangular front corners, joined by brass hinges set into the backs of their side edges. The lower leaf is fitted, at the back of its underside, with two sets of iron hinges, each leaf thrice-screwed, joining it to the stationary interior rear rail and to a longitudinal block above the hinged, exterior rail. The top of the rear edge of the top leaf is rabbeted to fit over the hinges and there are two mortise and tenon leaf-edge joints. The assembled leaves swing up together to reveal a well, whose walls consist of the single-board front and side rails, secured to the blocks above the front legs by mortise and tenon joints (showing no wood pins), and the stationary, interior rear rail, joined to the fixed part of the exterior hinged rail by four dome-top screws and to the longitudinal block atop that rail by four rosehead nails. There is another smaller rosehead on the inside face, proper left corner, of the interior rail. The stationary rail is attatched to the short rails of the frame with rabbeted dovetail joints, having finely cut, thin-necked pins with large half-pins above and below. In the exterior face of the central, stationary portion of the hinged rail are three flat-headed screws. In the longitudinal block above the hinged rail, just above the screws, are three brads. The storage well under the hinged top contains two partitions, set into grooves in the stationary rail. The well?s floor consists of three boards half-lapped and nailed with brads to each other, arranged perpendicularly to the front rail and nailed with brads into rabbets in the front, side, and rear rails. A quarter-round skirt molding follows the blocked profile of the front and side rails and is applied from its underside with brads. The rear cabriole legs are square-sectioned, having angular knees and ankles, ending in shod pad feet and swinging by means of round, five-knuckled wood hinges. The rabbeted and baize-covered block atop each leg is attached to the swinging rail with a mortise and tenon joint, showing two wood pins. The side knee brackets are attached to each swing leg. The front cabriole legs have knees and knee brackets vigorously carved in stylized foliate motifs, and sharply defined ankle tendons above prominently knuckled claws and open talons clutching elongated ball feet. Examined by P.E. Kane and W.S. Braznell, March 2004; notes compiled by T.B. Lloyd

Bibliography

"Ginsburg and Levy, Inc., advertisement," Antiques 64, no. 1 (July 1953): 11, ill.
Ralph E. Carpenter, Jr., The Arts and Crafts of Newport, Rhode Island, 1640–1820 (Newport, R.I.: Preservation Society of Newport County, 1954), 91, 210, no. 63, ill.
Helen Comstock, American Furniture: Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Century Styles (New York: Viking Press, 1962), fig. 365.
David B. Warren, Bayou Bend: American Furniture, Paintings, and Silver from the Bayou Bend Collection (Houston: Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 1975), 57, fig. 107.
Liza Moses and Michael Moses, "Authenticating John Townsend's and John Goddard's Queen Anne and Chippendale Tables," Antiques 121, no. 5 (May 1982): 1138, fig. 22.
Michael Moses, Master Craftsmen of Newport: The Townsends and Goddards (Tenafly, N.J.: MMI Americana Press, 1984), 231, fig. 5.20.
David B. Warren et al., American Decorative Arts and Paintings in the Bayou Bend Collection, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (Houston: Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 1998), 66, no. F113, ill.