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Photo: Courtesy The Chipstone Foundation, Fox Point, Wis., 1976.7; photo by Gavin Ashworth
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Side chair


Object number

RIF297

Maker

Maker John Carlile and Sons, active 1789–1803

Dimensions

99.06 x 53.975 x 54.61 cm (39 x 21 1/4 x 21 1/2 in.)

Date

1789–1803

Current location

The Chipstone Foundation

Geography

Made in Providence, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); birch (seat rails); maple (cross braces); pine (glue blocks)

Marks

"MADE AND SOLD BY / JOHN CARLILE & SONS. / All kinds of CABINET WORK done, in / the best Manner, and at the shortest / Notice, at their Shop, just Southward of the / Market, in Providence, State of Rhode- / Island, &c.," printed, on paper label glued to interior face of rear seat rail

Inscriptions

None

Style

Hepplewhite

Provenance

John Walton, Inc., Griswold and Jewett City, Connecticut; sold to Polly Mariner Stone (1898–1995) and Stanley Stone (1896–1987), Fox Point, Wisconsin, 1976; bequeathed by Stanley Stone to The Chipstone Foundation, Fox Point, 1987

Associated names

John Walton, Inc.
Stanley Stone
Polly Mariner Stone

Construction

The curving, molded-front and rounded-back stiles are continuous with the square, tapering, rearward and inward-raking rear legs. The stiles are tenoned to the similarly worked serpentine crest, each joint showing, at the back only, one wood pin. The openwork splat, tenoned into the crest?s underside, consists of carved feathers, integral in part with the crest rail, above an ellipse centering a reeded urn flanked by leaf-carved swags, above five curving uprights atop a fluted and molded partial pattern. The lower portion of the shield-shaped rail is a separate piece. A molded strip is applied with brads and wood-filled fasteners to the top of the rear seat rail, which is tenoned and wood-pinned to the leg/stiles. The side seat rails are through-tenoned to the legs/stiles, each tenon containing several wood wedges. The joints between the molded, tapering legs, serpentine front rail and straight side rails are covered by upholstery. At the front corners of the seat frame are vertical trapezoidal glue blocks. Inside each corner of the frame is a diagonal brace, glued and set into notches, laid out with prominent scribe lines, at the top of the adjacent seat rails. The rear, medial and side stretchers are tenoned, without wood pins, to their respective neighboring elements. Examined by P. E. Kane and J. N. Johnson, May 23, 2014; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd.

See also


Bibliography

Oswaldo Rodriguez Roque, American Furniture at Chipstone (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1984), 154–155, no. 68, ill.
Patricia E. Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), 432n3.