image of object
Photo: Courtesy Winterthur Museum and Country Estate, Del., 1959.2647
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Card table


Object number

RIF313

Maker

Maker Unknown
Maker: formerly attributed to Christopher Townsend, 1701-1787

Dimensions

Height, closed: 67.945 cm (26 3/4 in.); Height, open: 65.881 cm (25 15/16 in.); Width, top: 85.408 cm (33 5/8 in.); Width, frame: 83.185 cm (32 3/4 in.); Width, feet: 87.63 cm (34 1/2 in.); Depth, closed: 41.91 cm (16 1/2 in.); Depth, open: 83.82 cm (33 in.); Depth, frame: 41.275 cm (16 1/4 in.); Depth, feet: 46.99 cm (18 1/2 in.)

Date

1760–1780

Current location

Winterthur Museum, Garden, and Library

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); soft maple (hinged and stationary rails and transverse braces); chestnut (glue blocks)

Marks

Unknown

Inscriptions

"for my daughter Catharine E. B. Greene / from A. M. Greene," in ink, on paper label glued to inside of front rail

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Possibly A. M. Greene; possibly by descent to his daughter, Catharine Greene, before 1900. Henry Francis du Pont (1880–1969), Winterthur, Delaware, 1959; given to the Winterthur Museum and Country Estate, Delaware, 1960

Associated names

Henry Francis du Pont
A. M. Greene
Catharine E. B. Greene

Construction

The two halves of the solid top are hinged together at the back. Two tenons in the back edge of the leaf key into slots in the stationary lower half. The upper half unfolds to rest on the rear legs, which swing out to support it. The lower half is attached to the frame with screws–two through the front and rear skirt rails and a single screw in each side–and by long glue blocks on each of the four rails. The frame has three transverse braces, two dovetailed to the top edge of the front and inner rear rails and one (now missing) originally dovetailed to the bottom. The front and side skirts, serpentine on the outer surface and flat on the inner, are tenoned into the front legs, the joints reinforced by vertical glue blocks. The thick outer rear rail is divided into three parts by a pair of five-fingered knuckle-joint hinges: the stationary middle part, which is attached to the inner rear rail with rosehead nails, and two swinging parts, which are tenoned and double-pegged to the legs. The side rails are rabbeted at the back to accommodate the rear legs. The knees on the rear legs are uncarved. All the knee brackets are the thickness of the legs. Source: Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 270.

See also


Bibliography

Joseph Downs, American Furniture: Queen Anne and Chippendale Periods in the Henry Francis DuPont Winterthur Museum (New York: MacMillan Company, 1952), no. 348, ill.
Liza Moses and Michael Moses, "Authenticating John Townsend's and John Goddard's Queen Anne and Chippendale Tables," Antiques 121, no. 5 (May 1982): 1142, fig. 31, 31a–c.
Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur: Queen Anne and Chippendale Periods (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 269–270, no. 141, ill.
Morrison H. Heckscher, John Townsend: Newport Cabinetmaker, exh. cat. (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2005), 87, no. 6, ill.