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Photo: Courtesy Winterthur Museum and Country Estate, Del., 1959.2644
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Slipper chair


Object number

RIF328

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

Height: 90.805cm (35 3/4in.); Height, seat: 36.83cm (14 1/2in.); Width, feet: 57.626cm (22 11/16in.); Width, crest: 55.245cm (21 3/4in.); Width, seat front: 53.975cm (21 1/4in.); Width, seat back: 41.593cm (16 3/8in.); Depth, feet: 53.34cm (21in.); Depth, seat: 44.45cm (17 1/2in.)

Date

1765–1795

Current location

Winterthur Museum, Garden, and Library

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany

Inscriptions

Chiseled on front seat rail rabbet: "II"

Style

Queen Anne

Provenance

Henry Francis du Pont (1880–1969), Winterthur, Delaware; given to Winterthur Museum, 1960

Associated names

Henry Francis du Pont

Construction

The crest is supported on rectangular tenons at the flat-faced canted posts (pinned) and splat. The central shell and end projections are on piece of wood with the crest. The shell is placed on the top surface, and the scroll beneath it is carved on the crest face. The flat crest face is slightly cheeked at the arched ends; the back surface is flat at the center with chamfers, top and bottom. The crest arches and projections are rounded, the latter scrolling backward slightly. The flat-faced splat is incised with short lines below the center to define the strap ends as scrolls. The figure-eight crossings at the centered are modeled in low relief. The splat edges are slightly canted, front to back, and the piercings are rounded-canted; the splat is tenoned into the plinth. The plinth is hollow at the front and side faces, finished with a top bead, and nailed to the back rail. The upper post backs are rounded to the sweeps, where the surface is flat; the sweep cheeks are one piece of wood with the posts. The compass-shape seat is rounded at the top lip and sawed in low, flat arches. An interior rabbet, forming a rectangular opening, supports the loose-seat frame. The rails are joined to the posts and front leg extensions with rectangular tenons (pinned, twice at the side back). The rectangular rear legs are angled twice on the forward faces--below the seats rails and below the side stretchers. Narrow, tapered chamfers mark the forward corners. The front pad feet are supported on tall disks; each knee bracket is held with two rosehead nails. All stretcher tips are round tenoned into the adjacent members, except those at the side back, which are joined to the rear legs in rectangular tenons (pinned through). Source: Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 52.

See also


Bibliography

Joseph Downs, American Furniture: Queen Anne and Chippendale Periods in the Henry Francis DuPont Winterthur Museum (New York: MacMillan Company, 1952), no. 120, ill.
Robert Bishop, Centuries and Styles of the American Chair, 1640–1970 (New York: E. P. Dutton and Company, 1972), 158, fig. 195.
Nancy E. Richards and Nancy Goyne Evans, New England Furniture at Winterthur: Queen Anne and Chippendale Periods (Winterthur, Del.: Winterthur Publications, 1997), 52, no. 28, ill.