image of object
Photo: Courtesy Yale University Art Gallery, Mabel Brady Garvan Collection, 1930.2172
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Object number



Maker, formerly attributed to Thomas Howard, Jr., 1774–1833
Alternate name(s): Thomas Howard
Maker Unknown


96 7/8 125 11/16 54 3/8 in. (246.127 319.279 138.176 cm)



Current location

Yale University Art Gallery


Probably made in Providence, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)


Mahogany (primary); mahogany veneer on eastern white pine (top and drawer fronts); mahogany veneer on American black cherry (doors); mahogany (legs, sides); eastern white pine (back, drawer linings, other elements)




"C" with superimposed "X," in chalk, on bottom of exterior case back; "B1" / "C" with superimposed "X," in graphite, on exterior back of upper small drawer; "B2" / "C" with superimposed "X," in graphite, on exterior back of lower small drawer; "B" / "X," in graphite, on exterior back of deep drawer


Israel Sack, New York; sold to Francis P. Garvan (1875–1937), New York, 1929; given to Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut, 1930

Associated names

Israel Sack, Inc.
Francis P. Garvan


The multi-board top has a veneered upper surface and a square, crossbanded edge with line-inlaid corners. It is attached to its conformingly shaped case by screws ? three in pockets through the backboard (one each inside each case side), and others though the underside of the top rail. The case is divided into three parts ? the proper left side contains a single deep drawer (faced to simulate two small drawers), whose outside support is fixed with cut nails to blocking on the single-board case side, and whose inside support is the outside edge of the central cupboard?s bottom board. Within the proper right bay are two shallow drawers and their outside supports (nailed to blocking between the tops of the legs), and inside support (the outside edge of the central cupboard?s bottom board). Multiple vertical rectangular glue blocks (some of which also serve as drawer stops) occupy the outside corners and the interior rear corner. The floor of the central bay is fixed with cut nails to the bottom of its case dividers (which fit into grooves in the backboard) and held in place by glue blocks at the backboard and at the inside face of a horizontal rail behind the case?s serpentine front rail. The case back and sides are tenoned, without wood pins, to the rectangular blocks continuous with the square tapering legs. The case back is also nailed to the interior case dividers. The veneered drawer fronts meet their flush, flat-topped sides in dovetail joints having large, thick-necked pins with half-pins above. The drawer sides are full-depth; their bottoms are parallel to the fronts and chamfered at the front and sides, where they fit into grooves, and are accompanied by glue blocks. They are fixed with cut nails to the flat-topped drawer backs. Examined by P.E. Kane, October 10, 2017; notes compiled by T.B. Lloyd.

See also


Gerald W. R. Ward, American Case Furniture in the Mabel Brady Garvan and Other Collections at Yale University (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1988), 413–417, no. 214, ill.
Albert Sack, Fine Points of Furniture: Early American (New York: Crown Publishers, 1950), 225, ill.
Patricia E. Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), 5n18.