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Photo: Courtesy The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2012.442.3
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Side chair

Object number



Maker, probably by John Goddard, American, 1723–1785


Height: 37 3/4 in. (95.89 cm) Height, seat: 17 in. (43.18 cm) Width, front feet: 20 1/2 in. (52.07 cm) Width, rear rail: 15 5/8 in. (39.69 cm) Width, rear feet: 12 5/8 in. (32.07 cm) Depth, feet: 20 3/4 in. (52.71 cm)



Current location

The Metropolitan Museum of Art


Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)


Mahogany (primary); chestnut (corner blocks); pine (corner blocks); maple (slip seat frame)




“V” incised on underside of the slip seat; “II” incised on rabbet of front seat rail; “I” incised on back of crest rail to right of center and on back center of seat rail


Israel Sack, Inc., New York, 1981; sold to Ann Holzer (1917–1999) and Philip Holzer (1919–2011), Great Neck, New York, by 2001; by descent to their sons, Stuart Holzer and Marc Holzer, 2011; given to The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2012

Associated names

Israel Sack, Inc.
Ann Holzer
Philip Holzer


The crest rail has arched shoulders and is flat in front, where it centers an arched volute-carved shell, and rounded in back. Tenoned and wood-pinned to its ends are single-piece leg/stiles which are serpentine to just above the seat frame, flat in front, rounded in back to the bottom of the serpentine curve, (below which they are square), then chamfered from below the seat rail to below the rear stretcher, then square and inward-raking to the bottom. The flat openwork vasiform splat is tenoned into the underside of the crest and the top of a molded shoe, which overhangs the rear seat rail to which it is fixed by wood-filled fasteners. The rear seat rail is tenoned and wood-pinned to the leg/stiles. The flat-arch-skirted side seat rails are serpentine on the outside, rabbeted and straight on the inside, tenoned and double-wood-pinned to the leg/stiles and tenoned and single-wood-pinned to the front leg/stiles. The front seat rail is similarly configured and tenoned and wood-pinned to the front legs. There are two vertical blocks in each front corner of the seat frame, providing additional support for the seat frame. Each inner block is fixed to the frame with a wood pin. The rear and medial stretchers are turned in a similar manner and doweled into their respective neighboring members. The blocked and turned side stretchers include a ring-turned element a certain distance away from the blocked portion at the back. Each is tenoned and wood-pinned to the rear legs (the pins are unusually close to the front) and doweled and wood-pinned to the front legs (the pins are visible on both sides). The cabriole legs have rounded knees and angular ankles, deeply carved, like the claws which grasp elongated ball feet. The knee brackets are held in with glue. The front and back rails of the slip seat frame are tenoned and wood-pinned to the side rails. Examined by P. E. Kane and J. N. Johnson, October 13, 2011; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd.

See also


Michael Moses, Master Craftsmen of Newport: The Townsends and Goddards (Tenafly, N.J.: MMI Americana Press, 1984), 14, 58, fig. 1.49.
"Israel Sack, Inc., advertisement," Antiques 120, no. 5 (November 1981): 953, ill.
Morrison H. Heckscher, Amelia Peck, and Carrie Rebora Barratt, "Anatomy of an Acquisition," Antiques 160, no. 2 (August 2001): 191, 195, pl. 2, fig. 1.
American Antiques from Israel Sack Collection, 10 vols. (Washington, D.C.: Highland House Publishers, 1957–89), vol. 7, p. 1874, no. P5060, ill.
Patricia E. Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), 82, 91n17, 251, 253, 264, 269, 336, 341–342, 357, 447, no. 69, fig. 2.