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Photo: Courtesy Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn., Gift of Benjamin A. Hewitt, B.A. 1943, Ph.D. 1952, 1977.183.2
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Card table


Object number

RIF1811

Maker

Maker Joseph Rawson and Son, active 1808?26

Dimensions

Closed: 27 7/8 36 13/16 17 11/16 in. (70.8 93.5 44.93 cm)

Date

1808–15

Current location

Yale University Art Gallery

Geography

Made in Providence, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany and mahogany and soft maple veneers (primary); spruce (front rail); hemlock (side rails); eastern white pine (inner rear rail and glue blocks); hard maple (hinged rail); hickory (hinge pin)

Marks

"+JR no / 1," in chalk, on underside of top; "JOSEPH RAWSON & SON, / Cabinet and Chair Makers, / NEAR THE THEATRE.....SUGAR-LANE, / PROVIDENCE, / Rh[ode Is] land.," printed on paper label glued inside of hinged rail

Inscriptions

None

Style

Hepplewhite, Federal

Provenance

Mrs. Ray Carmichael, Hamden, Connecticut, before 1976; sold to Benjamin Attmore Hewitt (1921–2006), New Haven, Connecticut, then Wakefield, Rhode Island, 1976; given to the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut, 1977

Associated names

Mrs. Ray Carmichael
Benjamin Attmore Hewitt

Construction

The solid, bow-fronted, single-board top has serpentine ends and an inlaid edge and is joined to its similarly configured upper leaf by brass hinges set with screws into the edges of their respective rear corners. It is fixed to its conformingly shaped frame by screw pockets ? two in the front rail, and one each in the side rails. Another screw pocket is inside the proper left end of the interior rear rail. Each rail is cut from the solid, and tenoned into the top if its neighboring inlaid square tapering leg. Vertical glue blocks occupy each corner of the frame ? vertical chamfered blocks in the rear corners, and small rectangular blocks combined with large quarter-round blocks in the front corners. The blocking between the exterior rear rail and the proper left end of the interior rail are presumably joined by nails. The proper right end of the interior rear rail meets the side rail in a dovetail joint having a single large pin with half-pins above and below. The proper right end of the exterior rail swings by means of a carved wood, five-knuckled hinge. Beside the top of the leg at the end of the swinging rail is a vertical block fixed with a single nail. Examined by P.E. Kane, October 10, 2017; notes compiled by T.B. Lloyd.

Bibliography

Eleanore Bradford Monahon, "The Rawson Family of Cabinetmakers in Providence, Rhode Island," Antiques 118, no. 1 (July 1980): 141, fig. 13.
Benjamin Attmore Hewitt, Patricia E. Kane, and Gerald W. R. Ward, The Work of Many Hands: Card Tables in Federal America, 1790–1820, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1982), 149–151, no. 31, ill.
David L. Barquist, Elisabeth Donaghy Garrett, and Gerald W. R. Ward, American Tables and Looking Glasses in the Mabel Brady Garvan and Other Collections at Yale University (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 206–208, no. 106.
William C. Ketchum Jr., American Cabinetmakers: Marked American Furniture, 1640-1940 (New York: Crown Publishers, 1995), 274.