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Photo: Courtesy First Congregational Church Bristol, Rhode Island; photo by Tracey Kroll
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Part of a pew


Object number

RIF3338

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

54 3/4 26 1/2 1 in. (139.065 67.31 2.54 cm)

Date

1684–85

Current location

First Congregational Church Bristol, Rhode Island

Geography

Made in Bristol, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Oak

Marks

None

Inscriptions

None

Style

Jacobean

Provenance

The First Meetinghouse of Bristol, Rhode Island, 1684–85. First Congregational Church, Bristol, Rhode Island, by 1979

Associated names

First Meetinghouse of Bristol, Rhode Island

Construction

The two-part upper molding is nailed to the upper rail, which is tenoned and single-wood-pinned to the stiles. Another molding is applied with brads to the bottom of the upper rail. Three urn, ball and reel-turned balusters are doweled into the upper and medial rails. A strip of wood, rabbeted to fit around the stiles, is applied to the top face of the medial rail; to the top of its ?outside? face is applied, with brads, a one-piece molding. The medial rail is tenoned and single-wood-pinned to the stiles. Six vertical boards form a panel below; the top of all the boards and the sides of the proper right board are routed to form a chamfer. The boards are butt-jointed. A single?piece molding surrounds this panel; it is nailed with brads from the outside face into the stiles as well as into the panel?s boards. In the proper right end of medial rail is a circular hole indicating the former presence of a closing mechanism. The lower rail is tenoned and single-wood-pinned to the stiles. The top of its inside face is molded. The panel below, consisting of two horizontal boards tenoned into the stiles, is chamfered on its outside face and partially held in place with brads. Lower boards are missing; the stiles are reduced in height. Examined by P.E. Kane and J.N. Johnson, June 26, 2014; notes compiled by T.B. Lloyd.

Bibliography

Robert Blair St. George, The Wrought Covenant (Brockton, Mass.: Brockton Art Center-Fuller Memorial, 1979), 68, fig. 82.
Patricia E. Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), 150–151, no. 7.