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Photo: Courtesy Yale University Art Gallery, Gift of C. Sanford Bull, B.A. 1893, 1953.50.4
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Side chair

Object number



Maker Unknown


36 15/16 15 16 7/16 in. (93.8 38.1 41.8 cm) Seat: 17 19 7/8 in. (43.2 50.5 cm)



Current location

Yale University Art Gallery


Probably made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)


American black walnut (primary); soft maple (slip seat frame)


Written in ink on slip seat frame: "Providn". The number "III" is marked on the top of the front seat rail.


C. Sanford Bull (1871–1955), Middlebury, Connecticut; given to the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut, 1953


The joints of the slip seat are secured with large pins. The seat frame is made without corner blocks. The front corner blocks are new. The crest rail is pinned to the stiles. Two square wooden pegs are used to fasten the side seat rails to the rear stiles; single wooden pegs are used to secure the joints of the rear seat rail and stiles and the side and front seat rails with the front legs. The splat shoe is nailed to the rear seat rail. The side stretchers are pinned to the front and rear legs. the knee brackets are held in place with wire nails and glue. The original webbing, primary covering, and stuffing remain on the slip seat. The modern upholstery illustrated has been replaced by a reproduction red silk damask.

See also


Wallace Nutting, Furniture Treasury (New York: MacMillan Company, 1963), no. 2177, ill.
Patricia E. Kane, 300 Years of American Seating Furniture Chairs and Beds from the Mabel Brady Garvan and Other Collections at Yale University (Boston: New York Graphic Society, 1976), 144–145, no. 122, ill.
Homer Eaton Keyes, "Two Branches of the Newport Townsends," Antiques 31, no. 6 (June 1937): 310, fig. 9.
Wallace Nutting, Furniture Treasury, 1st ed., 3 vols. (Framingham, Mass.: Old American Company Publishers, 1928–33), vol. 2, no. 2177, ill.
Patricia E. Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), 357n3.