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Photo: Courtesy The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 10.125.329
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Joint stool


Object number

RIF4139

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

Height, overall: 21 5/8 in. (54.928 cm) Width, top: 20 3/8 in. (51.753 cm) Depth, top: 13 3/4 in. (34.925 cm) Width, frame: 15 3/4 in. (40.005 cm) Depth, frame at top: 10 1/4 in. (26.035 cm) Depth, frame at feet: 15 3/8 in. (39.053 cm)

Date

1700–1725

Current location

The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Geography

Made in Boston, Massachusetts, or possibly made in Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Soft maple

Style

William and Mary

Provenance

H. Eugene Bolles (1838–1910), Boston, Massachusetts; sold to Mrs. Russell Sage, New York, 1909; given to The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Associated names

H. Eugene Bolles

Construction

The stool is framed in the standard manner, with the mortise-and-tenon joints of the rails secured with two pins and those of the stretchers with one. The angle of the legs (about 6 degrees from the vertical) is such that the frame became square at the bottom of the feet, when they were intact. The one-board top is now attached with the large wrought-iron nail into the top of each leg; its edge has an ovolo profile. A cyma reversa molding finishes the lower edge of the rails. The inner surfaces of all components have been planed. Source: Frances Gruber Safford, American Furniture in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, (New York, N.Y.: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2007), 62.

Bibliography

Herman Hjorth, "Early American Furniture," Science and Mechanics (April 1946): fig. 12 (measured drawing), fig. 11.
R. T. Haines Halsey and Charles O. Cornelius, A Handbook of the American Wing, 1st (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1924), 25, fig. 12.
R. T. Haines Halsey and Charles O. Cornelius, A Handbook of the American Wing, 2nd (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1925), 25, fig. 12.
R. T. Haines Halsey and Charles O. Cornelius, A Handbook of the American Wing, 3rd (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1926), 25, fig. 12 (right).
Charles O. Cornelius, Early American Furniture (New York: Century Co., 1926), pl. 8.
R. T. Haines Halsey and Charles O. Cornelius, A Handbook of the American Wing, 4th (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1928), fig. 11.
Robert Tasker Evans, "When Chairs Were Rare," Antiquarian II (1928): 53, ill.
R. T. Haines Halsey and Charles O. Cornelius, A Handbook of the American Wing, 5th (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1932), fig. 11.
R. T. Haines Halsey and Elizabeth Tower, The Homes of Our Ancestors as Shown in the American Wing of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page and Company, 1935), fig. 11, opp. p. 19, ill.
Edgar G. Miller, American Antique Furniture: A Book for Amateurs, 2 vols. (Baltimore: Lord Baltimore Press, 1937), vol. 2, pp. 848–50, no. 1695, ill.
R. T. Haines Halsey and Charles O. Cornelius, A Handbook of the American Wing, 6th rev. ed. (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1938), 29, fig. 14 (right).
R. T. Haines Halsey, Charles O. Cornelius, and Joseph Downs, A Handbook of the American Wing, 7th rev. ed. (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1942), 29, fig. 14.
Helen Comstock, American Furniture: Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Century Styles (New York: Viking Press, 1962), 24, Pl. 3.
Marshall B. Davidson and Elizabeth Stillinger, The American Wing at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1985), 104–105, fig. 135.
Frances Gruber Safford, American Furniture in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1. Early Colonial Period, The Seventeenth-Century and William and Mary Styles (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2007), 62–63, no. 22, ill.