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Roundabout chairs, pair


Object number

RIF4193

Maker

Maker, attributed to John Goddard, American, 1723?1785

Dimensions

Height: 30 1/2 in. (77.47 cm) Width, at arms: 28 3/4 in. (73.025 cm) Depth: 16 1/2 in. (41.91 cm)

Date

1750–70

Current location

Private collection

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); maple (slip seat frame); pine (front corner blocks)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

“I,” incised on rabbet of front seat rail, on front corner of underside of slip seat, and on underside of back rest (on middle lower section) of one chair; “No 1 [later],” on inside of front side seat rails of chair marked "I"; “M B Ives,” in graphite, on underside of proper-left front seat rail of chair marked "I"; “II,” incised on rabbet of front seat rail and on underside of the back rest (on middle lower section) of the other chair; “No 2 [later],” on inside of front seat rails of chair marked "II"; “September / 1858,” in ink, on underside of proper-left front seat rail of chair marked "II"; “M B [illegible],” in graphite, on underside of proper-left front seat rail of chair marked "II"

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Nicholas Brown (1729–1791), Providence, Rhode Island; by descent to his daughter, Mrs. Thomas Poynton Ives (née Hope Brown, 1773–1855), Providence; by descent to her son, Moses Brown Ives (1794–1857), Providence; by descent to his daughter, Mrs. Henry Grinnell Russell (née Hope Brown Ives, 1839–1909), Providence; by descent to her cousin, Robert Hale Ives Goddard (1837–1916), Providence; by descent to his grandchildren; consigned to Sotheby's, New York, January 22, 2005, lots 822 and 842

Associated names

Nicholas Brown
Hope Brown Ives
Moses Brown Ives
Hope Brown Ives
Robert Hale Ives Goddard
Goddard Family
Sotheby's

Construction

Each chair?s shaped, segmented crest rail has serpentine ends and is fixed to the segmental portions of the continuous arm assembly below by large wood pins. Such wood pins are also used to secure the three sections of the arm assembly to each other; two flanking portions are half-lapped to a smaller segment between the splats. The bottom of each scrolling arm terminal is a separate piece. The single-piece central leg/stile consists of a serpentine stile doweled and wood-pinned to the underside of the arm assembly, a rectilinear block at the seat rail, and a cabriole leg with full disc shod pad foot below. The two straight rear seat rails are tenoned and double-wood-pinned to the rectilinear block. Single-piece openwork splats are each tenoned into the underside of the arm assembly and into the top of a molded shoe fixed with wood-filled fasteners to the top of the seat rails which they slightly overhang. The front seat rails are serpentine outside, rabbeted and straight inside, tenoned and double-wood-pinned to the outer leg/stiles, and tenoned and single-wood-pinned to the top of the front leg. The outer leg/stiles are doweled into the arm assembly above. They have angular knees, deeply carved ankle and claw and ball feet. The central leg has a rounded knee. Within the seat frame behind the central leg is a quarter round vertical block. Examined by P. E. Kane and J. N. Johnson, November 18, 2014; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd.

See also


Bibliography

Barbara Snow, "Living with Antiques: The Providence Home of Mrs. R.H. Ives Goddard," Antiques 87, no. 5 (May 1965): 582, ill.
Sotheby's, New York, Property of the Goddard Family, sale cat. (January 22, 2005), 96–99, lots 822 and 842, ill.
Amy Coes, "A Bill of Sale from John Goddard to John Brown and the Furniture It Documents," Antiques 169, no. 5 (May 2006): p.131; p.132, footnote 26 [not illustrated].
Patricia E. Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), 58n14, 337nn2, 5, 7.