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Chest-on-chest


Object number

RIF4323

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

77 39 1/4 20 in. (195.58 99.695 50.8 cm)

Date

1780–1800

Current location

The Rhode Island Historical Society

Geography

Made in Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Cherry (primary); pine, yellow poplar, and chestnut (secondary)

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Moses Brown (1738–1836), Providence; by descent to Franklin R. Cushman (1870–1952), Providence, Rhode Island; by bequest to the Rhode Island Historical Society, Providence, 1952

Associated names

Moses Brown
Franklin R. Cushman

Construction

The single-board upper-case top is half-blind dovetailed to the two-board upper-case sides. A single-piece crown molding is fixed to the top of the upper case with wood-filled fasteners and brads. The horizontal half-lapped boards of the upper-case back are fixed with rosehead nails into rabbets in the case sides and directly to the case top. Inside the back of the upper case is a support for the two small drawers, set into grooves in the case sides. Half-lapped to this support is a medial drawer support also half-lapped to the upper drawer divider. Set into a groove in the back support?s underside is a medial batten nailed from within to the backboards. On top of the medial support is a drawer guide which meets the back of the vertical divider between the two upper drawers, which is tenoned, wood-pinned and half-lapped to the top rail and half-blind dovetailed to the upper drawer divider. Behind the top of the vertical divider are two small glue blocks. The upper-case drawer dividers are half-blind dovetailed to the case sides. Behind them are drawer supports nailed with brads to the case sides as well as tip bars fixed with rosehead nails. The bottom rail is set into grooves in the case sides. Behind it are several rectangular horizontal glue blocks. The molding atop the lower case is fixed to it with wood-filled fasteners, and the lower case is constructed in a manner similar to the upper case. Each of the graduated, lipped, molded, single-board, kerf-marked drawer fronts meets its slightly shorter, arched-top drawer sides in dovetail joints having large pins of varying configuration, with half-pins above and below. Some tails are reinforced with later nails. The drawer bottoms, chamfered at the front and sides where they fit into grooves are parallel to the front. There are multiple rectangular horizontal glue blocks at the joint between drawer bottoms and the full-height sides. The bottoms are nailed to the drawer backs, the tops of which are flat ? with a slight chamfer at the back edge ? with brads. The bottom rail of the lower case sits in grooves in the case sides; behind it are four rectangular horizontal glue blocks. A base molding is applied to the lower case with wood-filled fasteners. The lower-case bottom meets the lower-case sides in half-blind dovetail joints. The feet consist of vertical blocks attached directly to the case bottom and flanked by horizontal blocking, the whole faced with ogee brackets. The back faces of the rear feet are simple straight diagonal brackets. Some elements of the feet are replaced. The back edges of the rear legs? outside brackets have an ogee profile. Examined by P. E. Kane and J. N. Johnson, August 18, 2014; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd.