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Photo: Courtesy Detroit Institute of Arts, 31.15
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Tea table


Object number

RIF4431

Maker

Maker Unknown

Dimensions

25 1/2 30 1/2 20 in. (64.77 77.47 50.8 cm)

Date

1740–80

Current location

Detroit Institute of Arts

Geography

Made in Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Walnut (primary); yellow poplar (corner blocks)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

Illegible chalk and graphite, on underside of top; “V,” in graphite, on top of one of long rails and incised in corresponding blocks (probably later)

Style

Queen Anne

Provenance

Charles R. Morson (died 1929), New York; sold to Detroit Institute of the Arts, Michigan, 1931

Associated names

Charles R. Morson

Construction

The underside of the rectangular, single-board top is rabbeted to align with the rails below, and the blocks atop the legs and their attendant triangular vertical glueblocks. Several lengths of later molding are glued to it in two transverse rows. Within the rabbet at the top?s edge are multiple empty fastener holes and brass screws, indicating the modes of the top?s attachment to the applied molding above and to the skirt below. At the top of each rail at its midpoint is a small rectangular glue block. The rails are tenoned into the rectangular blocks atop each leg. The interior corner of the top of each rectangular block slopes downward, as do the tops of the two attendant vertical triangular glue blocks. A quarter round molding is fixed to the bottom of the rails? skirts with glue and wood-filled fasteners. Knee brackets are held on with glue and a single nail; one is replaced. The cabriole legs have angular legs with rounded ankles and slipper feet with rounded tops. Examined by P.E. Kane and J.N. Johnson, August 4, 2014; notes compiled by T.B. Lloyd.

Bibliography

Josephine Walther, "An American Table and Chair," Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 12, no. 5 (February 1931): 72–73, ill.
Patricia E. Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), 213n4.