image of object
Photo: Courtesy Bonham's, New York
Click the image to enlarge

Side chairs, set of six


Object number

RIF5635

Maker

Maker Unknown
Maker, formerly attributed to Thomas Davenport, 1681?1745

Dimensions

Seat: 17 × 20 3/4 × 16 3/4 in. (43.18 × 52.71 × 42.55 cm) Height, crest: 38 in. (96.52 cm)

Date

1755–75

Current location

Unknown

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Walnut

Marks

None

Inscriptions

"II," “III,” "V," "VI," "VII," "VIII," inscribed on respective front seat rails; “IIII,” inscribed, on underside of slip seat of chair "V" (all slip seat rails but front seem new); “4”?, in graphite, on underside of slip seat of chair "VII" [seat probably replaced]

Style

Chippendale, Queen Anne

Provenance

By descent in the Gracie Family, New York, before 1875; sold to Ellen Southmayd (née Dayton, 1839–1901) and John Southmayd (1825–1907); by descent to their children (each of whom received one chair), Ella Southmayd (born 1865), Elizabeth Dayton Southmayd (born 1866), Caroline Southmayd (born 1868), Clara Southmayd (born 1871), and Henry Southmayd (born 1876), with the final chair given to two "maiden Gracie sisters," 1907; by descent in their families to Theodora "Edola" Muldaur Baker (1897–1988), New Jersey, 1985; by descent in her family to a private collection, Northern California; consigned to Bonham's, New York, January 24, 2013, lot 1121

Associated names

Gracie Family
John Southmayd
Ellen Dayton Southmayd
Ella Southmayd
Elizabeth Dayton Southmayd
Caroline Southmayd
Clara Southmayd
Henry Southmayd
Gracie Sisters
Theodora "Edola" Mulbaur Baker
Bonhams

Construction

Each chair has a yoke-shaped crest rail with pointed "ears," attached by mortise and tenon joints, exhibiting one wood pin each, to the stiles below. The open work splat below is set into grooves in the bottom of the crest rail and in the top of the molded and incurvate shoe below. The backs of the open work portion of the splat are chamfered, as are the backs of the stiles. The shoe is joined to the rail below by sprigs, and slightly overhangs the slip seat. The stile and leg assemblies are connected to the rear and side rails by mortise and tenon joints, exhibiting one wood pin each. Between the seat rails and stretchers the rear legs are chamfered. Below the stretchers, they rake backward and their inner faces are chamfered. The slip seat sits upon rabbets in the side and front rails, which are joined to the front legs with mortise and tenon joints, each exhibiting one wood pin. The side stretchers are joined to both front and rear legs by wood-pinned mortise and tenon joints, the front joints exhibiting particularly large tenons. The cabriole legs have carved knee brackets (some replaced) and end in shod pad feed. Examined by P.E. Kane and J.N. Johnson, January 21, 2013; notes compiled by T.B. Lloyd

See also


Bibliography

Bonhams, New York, Fine American and European Furniture, Silver, and Decorative Arts, sale cat. (January 24, 2013), 62–63, lot 1121, ill.