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Photo: Courtesy of Gary R. Sullivan Antiques Inc., Sharon, Mass.; photo by Matthew J. Buckley
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Chest-on-chest


Object number

RIF5693

Maker

Maker Unknown
Maker, formerly attributed to Job Townsend, Jr., 1726?1778
Maker, formerly attributed to Christopher Townsend, 1701?1787

Dimensions

84 41 1/2 21 in. (213.36 105.41 53.34 cm)

Date

1760–85

Current location

Unknown

Geography

Made in Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Maple (primary); white pine (secondary)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

"1" and "2," in chalk, respectively on upper small drawers on interior sides [at front corners] and interior backs [at center]; "1" and "2," in chalk, on respective sides of underside of upper case top; "3" and "3," in chalk, on underside of boards at top of lower case [at proper right]; "4" and "4," in chalk, on underside of boards at top of lower case [at proper left]; "N1," in graphite, on a drawer divider; "2," in graphite, on a drawer divider; "2" and "2," in graphite, on a drawer back; "Scraped & Polished / at 76 Kingston / Boston / July 26 [slash] 73 / Jas. Simpson / Geo W. Lucas," in graphite, on a card tacked inside bonnet

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Gary R. Sullivan Antiques, Inc., Sharon, Massachusetts, 2013

Associated names

Gary R. Sullivan Antiques, Inc.

Construction

The roof of the upper case consists of multiple transverse boards shaped to align with the arched bonnet, and fixed to the bonnet backboard, to the crown molding, and to two transverse battens, with rosehead and other nails. Within the bonnet are several crudely cut boards serving as blocking for the scrollboard and scrollboard plaques, joined together with rosehead nails, and to the scrollboard with a screw pocket. Also inside the bonnet are a long horizontal glue block, and a small, two-part vertical block at the joint between the top of the upper case and the back of the scrollboard blocking. The crown molding is attached to the case sides and front with wood-filled fasteners. The scrollboard and thumb-molded plaques center two three-quarter-round recessed cutouts and a plain plinth, which supports a (replaced) spherical fluted finial with corkscrew flame. The bonnet backboard is joined to the top of the two-board upper case-sides with large dovetail joints and to the top board of the upper case with rosehead nails. The proper right terminus of the crown molding contains a rosehead nail surrounded by a circular shadow. The upper-case back consists of three half-lapped horizontal boards, fixed with rosehead nails into rabbets in the case sides. The single-board upper-case bottom is dovetailed to the case sides and fitted with a single wedge-shaped transverse cleat, held on with rosehead nails. The upper case?s interior vertical batten is visible at the back of the bottom board. Within the upper case, the top is dovetailed to the case sides, which have prominent kerf marks. Two long rectilinear glue blocks reinforce the joint between the case top and the bottom of the scrollboard. A transverse batten is attached to the top of the backboard and tenoned into the case sides. The two small, upper drawers share a transverse support, half-lapped to a horizontal support at the back and set into grooves in the case sides. The drawers all have full-depth supports fixed to the sides with rosehead nails. The bottom of the scrollboard and the drawer dividers below meet the case sides in half-blind dovetail joints. The drawer fronts meet their arched-top drawer sides, which are shy of the fronts, in dovetail joints. The drawer fronts have prominent kerf marks, the drawer sides les prominent scribe lines. The drawer backs have flat tops. The bottoms, parallel to the fronts, consist of two boards, one wide, one narrow at the back, fixed to the drawer back with rosehead nails. The drawer bottoms are chamfered at the front and at the full-height sides, where they fit into grooves. There are full-depth runners at the joints between the drawer sides and bottoms. Wood-filled fasteners hold the two-part base molding to the bottom of the upper case. It fits over the top of the lower case, which consists of two widely spaced boards, each dovetailed to the single-board case sides. The back contains two half-lapped horizontal boards, bearing prominent saw marks, fixed to the interior vertical batten (whose end is visible in the bottom board), to rabbets in the case sides, and directly to the rear top board, with rosehead nails. The lower case, with four graduated, thumb-molded long drawers, is configured similarly to the upper. The single-board case bottom is dovetailed to the case sides. The base molding, the bottom of which is flush with the case bottom, is held on with wood-filled fasteners. The front feet consist of rectilinear vertical blocks attached directly to the case bottom, and flanked by horizontal blocks, each side faced with ogee brackets. The rear feet are configured similarly, but for the backs, which are simple square-edged ogee brackets, set into grooves in the side-facing brackets. Examined by P.E. Kane and W.S. Braznell, January 24, 2013; notes compiled by T.B. Lloyd

See also


Bibliography

"Gary R. Sullivan Antiques, Inc., advertisement," Antiques 180, no. 2 (March / April 2013): 25, ill.