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Dining table


Object number

RIF6057

Maker

Maker Unknown
(hinges) W. Sparrow

Dimensions

Closed: 27 1/4 55 17 1/4 in. (69.22 139.7 43.82 cm)

Date

1760–80

Current location

Private collection

Geography

Made in Newport, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); maple (hinged and stationary rails and battens)

Marks

“WS,” stamped on two of the hinges

Inscriptions

Possibly "3." in chalk, on underside of one leaf; "Mrs. Waudell," written in ink on a white paper label with a blue border glued table [location not noted]

Style

Chippendale

Provenance

Private collection, 1980

Construction

The oblong, single-board top has bowed ends and a slightly rounded edge and is joined to its similarly edged, multi-board, half-round leaves by four pairs of wrought-iron hinges (each leaf thrice-screwed), set inward from the corners of the frame and laid out with scribe lines. The joint between top and leaves is quarter-round. Each leaf bears, on its underside, numerous screwholes and rectangular shadows indicating the former presence of reinforcing elements. The top is secured to the frame by means of three transverse battens- the center batten set into grooves in the stationary rails, screwed, within the rails, to the top, and two flanking battens set into grooves in the stationary and hinged rails, passing through the notched swinging rails, where their chamfered ends are screwed to the top. The hinged and stationary rails are joined by rosehead nails. In the swinging-leg corner of each stationary rail is a vertical chamfered glue block. The flat-arched short rails join the stationary rails at a rabbeted corner in a dovetail joint, each having a large, thick-necked pin with half-pins above and below. The swinging end of the hinged rails move by means of a square, carved wood, five-knuckled hinge. At the end of each hinged rail is a knee bracket glued to the swinging leg and a mortise and tenon joint showing two wood pins and signs of other, former, means of attachment. The square-sectioned cabriole legs have angular knees and ankles and deeply carved claws with undercut talons grasping elongated balls which retain traces of gold paint. Examined by P.E. Kane and J.N. Johnson, March 7, 2014; notes compiled by T.B. Lloyd.

See also