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Photo: Courtesy Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, Conn.
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Pembroke table


Object number

RIF6555

Maker

Maker Unknown
Maker, possibly by Peleg Weeden, 1772 - 1839

Dimensions

29 × 38 1/2 × 31 3/8 (73.7 × 97.8 × 79.7); Width closed: 20 1/4 in. (51.4 cm)

Date

1791

Current location

Wadsworth Atheneum

Geography

Made in North Kingstown, Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)

Medium

Mahogany (primary); maple (hinged rails); pine (stationary rails, rear rail, drawer linings); yellow poplar (drawer supports)

Marks

None

Inscriptions

"This table was Benjamin Fowler's in 1791 / Mary Fowler Weedens 1818 / Susan Weeden Reynolds 1858 / All of Wickford.," in ink, on paper label glued to front proper right leaf support; "Jane A. Wightman," in ink, on separate piece attached to above label; "Fannie V. Baker," in graphite, on underside of drawer front; "This table was Benjamin Fowler's in 1791 / Mary Fowler Weedens 1818 / Susan Weeden Reynolds 1858 / Jane A. Wightman / Fannie V. Baker 1907 / Elizabeth Barber Brown 1950 / Joslin Barber Leasca 2010," in ink, on paper inside drawer; "Top," in chalk, on underside of top

Style

Hepplewhite, Federal

Provenance

Benjamin Fowler (1739–1818), North Kingstown, Rhode Island; by descent to his daughter Mrs. Peleg Weeden (née Mary Fowler, 1776–1858), Wickford and later Exeter, Rhode Island; by descent to her daughter Mrs. Alfred J. Reynolds (née Susan Weeden, 1807–1882), North Kingstown, Rhode Island; by descent to her niece Jane A. Wightman (1825–1909), North Kingstown, Rhode Island; by descent to her grandniece Fannie V. Baker (1891–1949), later Mrs. Russell W. Barber, North Kingstown, Rhode Island; by descent to her daughter Elizabeth Barber Brown (1926–2010), Rhode Island; thence by descent in her family

Associated names

Benjamin Fowler
Mary Fowler Weeden
Susan Weeden Reynolds
Jane A. Wightman
Fannie V. Baker
Elizabeth Barber Brown

Construction

The single-board, oblong, square-edged top has serpentine ends, one of which has a repaired edge. The top is fixed to the frame below by five screw pockets ? one in the rail opposite the drawer, and two each in the inside faces of the interior long rails. There is another countersunk screw in the top rail above the drawer. The joint between the top and its leaves ? serpentine-edged with outside rounded corners ? is quarter round, and the four hinges, each leaf thrice-screwed, are laid out with scribe lines. At the joints between the top and its frame are longitudinal rectangular glue blocks ? four inside each long rail, three at the rail opposite the drawer, and one at the rail above the drawer. The bowed rail opposite the drawer has a thin mahogany veneer. Opposite, the rails above and below the drawer are solid mahogany. The frame?s long rails each consist of two boards: the outer boards are tenoned and double- wood-pinned to the tops of the legs; the inner boards are fixed to the outer boards with rosehead nails. Drawer supports are fixed with rosehead nails near the bottom of the inner boards. Near the tops of the legs are rectilinear blocks, also fixed to the rails with rosehead nails, serving as drawer stops. The drawer-front consists of two boards ? a straight inner board, as thick as the neighboring drawer sides, fixed to a thicker, bow-fronted outside board. The drawer front meets its flush, flat-topped sides in dovetail joints having finely cut, narrow-necked pins of slightly varying spacing and configuration, with large half-pins above. The drawer front?s top edge is line-inlaid. The side edges are strips of light-colored wood nailed with brads to the ends of the drawer fronts. The bottom edge is nailed with sprigs to the bottom of the drawer front. The single-board drawer bottom is perpendicular to the front, chamfered at both its front and full-depth sides, where it fits into grooves, and accompanied by flat, rectangular glue blocks, and fixed with nails to its flat-topped drawer back. The bottom edge of each short rail?s skirt meets its neighboring legs in small ogee brackets; at the deeply chamfered rail opposite the drawer they are carved from the deeper pine rail and veneered; below the drawer opposite they are carved from the solid rail beneath the drawer. The outside faces of the outer long rails are each fitted with two carved-wood, seven-knuckled hinges which allow two trapezoidal blocks carved with finger holds to swing out and support the hinged leaves. The square, tapering legs are stop-fluted at the top. Vertically arranged serpentine stretchers are let into the legs? inside corners and meet in a half-lap joint. The legs end in molded spade feet. Examined by P. E. Kane, May 15, 2018; notes compiled by T. B. Lloyd.

See also


Bibliography

"New Acquisitions Join Collections of Wadsworth Atheneum," Antiques and the Arts Weekly (July 26, 2019): 39, ill.