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Photo: Courtesy The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, The Bayou Bend Collection, Gift of Miss Ima Hogg, B-60-51
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Side chair

Object number



Maker Unknown


Height: 40 21 3/4 21 in. (101.6 55.245 53.34 cm)



Current location

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston


Probably made in Boston, formerly said to have been made in Rhode Island
(view a map of Rhode Island)


Black walnut (primary); soft maple (slip seat frame)




"IIII," incised, on front seat rail rabbet and on front board of slip seat; "V," incised, on proper right board of slip seat


Israel Sack, Inc., New York; sold to Ima Hogg (1882–1975), Houston, 1960; given to Museum of Fine Arts, Houston

Associated names

Ima Hogg
Israel Sack, Inc.


The crest rail, which has an incurvate middle portion, is tenoned and wood-pinned to the flat-fronted, serpentine, round-backed stiles at the top of their outset, rounded shoulders. The one-piece, serpentine, vasiform, chamfered-back splat is tenoned into the bottom of the crest rail and into the top of the molded, one-piece shoe, which is nailed to the rear seat rail below, which it slightly overhangs. The rear rail is tenoned and wood-pinned to the stiles, which are chamfered between the seat rails and stretchers, and rake rearward below. The serpentine, thumbmolded side rails have flat-arched skirts and are tenoned and wood-pinned to the front and rear legs. The front rail has an elaborately scalloped skirt and is tenoned to the blocks atop the front legs with wood pins visible within the seat frame. The turned rear stretcher is doweled into the rear legs. The flat, square-edged, serpentine side and medial stretchers are tenoned into their respective neighboring members without wood pins. The cabriole front legs have beaded scrolls which end in carved volutes, disc-shaped pad feet, and beaded knee brackets attached with glue and nails. Examined by P.E. Kane, August 8, 2013; notes compiled by T.B. Lloyd.

See also


David B. Warren et al., American Decorative Arts and Paintings in the Bayou Bend Collection, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (Houston: Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 1998), 23, no. F39, ill.
David B. Warren, Bayou Bend: American Furniture, Paintings, and Silver from the Bayou Bend Collection (Houston: Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 1975), 24, no. 39.
Michael Moses, Master Craftsmen of Newport: The Townsends and Goddards (Tenafly, N.J.: MMI Americana Press, 1984), 58, fig. 1.48.
Milo M. Naeve, "A New England Chair Design of 1730-1760 and Attributions to the Job Townsends of Newport," Newport History: Bulletin of the Newport Historical Society 72 (Spring 2003): 13–17, charts I–IV.
Patricia E. Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016), 295, no. 45, fig. 3.